Shoulder strength requirements for upper limb functional tasks

Do age and rotator cuff tear status matter?

Anthony C. Santago, Meghan E. Vidt, Xiaotong Li, Christopher J. Tuohy, Gary G. Poehling, Michael T. Freehill, Katherine R. Saul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding upper limb strength requirements for daily tasks is imperative for early detection of strength loss that may progress to disability due to age or rotator cuff tear. We quantified shoulder strength requirements for 5 upper limb tasks performed by 3 groups: uninjured young adults and older adults, and older adults with a degenerative supraspinatus tear prior to repair. Musculoskeletal models were developed for each group representing age, sex, and tear-related strength losses. Percentage of available strength used was quantified for the subset of tasks requiring the largest amount of shoulder strength. Significant differences in strength requirements existed across tasks: upward reach 105° required the largest average strength; axilla wash required the largest peak strength. However, there were limited differences across participant groups. Older adults with and without a tear used a larger percentage of their shoulder elevation (p <.001, p <.001) and external rotation (p <.001, p =.017) strength than the young adults, respectively. Presence of a tear significantly increased percentage of internal rotation strength compared to young (p <.001) and uninjured older adults (p =.008). Marked differences in strength demand across tasks indicate the need for evaluating a diversity of functional tasks to effectively detect early strength loss, which may lead to disability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)446-452
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Biomechanics
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Fingerprint

Tears
Upper Extremity
Young Adult
Axilla
Rotator Cuff
Age Groups
Rotator Cuff Injuries

Keywords

  • Functional task
  • Reserve strength
  • Simulation
  • Upper limb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Santago, A. C., Vidt, M. E., Li, X., Tuohy, C. J., Poehling, G. G., Freehill, M. T., & Saul, K. R. (2017). Shoulder strength requirements for upper limb functional tasks: Do age and rotator cuff tear status matter? Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 33(6), 446-452. https://doi.org/10.1123/jab.2016-0116

Shoulder strength requirements for upper limb functional tasks : Do age and rotator cuff tear status matter? / Santago, Anthony C.; Vidt, Meghan E.; Li, Xiaotong; Tuohy, Christopher J.; Poehling, Gary G.; Freehill, Michael T.; Saul, Katherine R.

In: Journal of Applied Biomechanics, Vol. 33, No. 6, 01.12.2017, p. 446-452.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Santago, AC, Vidt, ME, Li, X, Tuohy, CJ, Poehling, GG, Freehill, MT & Saul, KR 2017, 'Shoulder strength requirements for upper limb functional tasks: Do age and rotator cuff tear status matter?', Journal of Applied Biomechanics, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 446-452. https://doi.org/10.1123/jab.2016-0116
Santago, Anthony C. ; Vidt, Meghan E. ; Li, Xiaotong ; Tuohy, Christopher J. ; Poehling, Gary G. ; Freehill, Michael T. ; Saul, Katherine R. / Shoulder strength requirements for upper limb functional tasks : Do age and rotator cuff tear status matter?. In: Journal of Applied Biomechanics. 2017 ; Vol. 33, No. 6. pp. 446-452.
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