Short-term high fat diet alters genes associated with metabolic and vascular dysfunction during adolescence in rats: a pilot study

Alex E. Mohr, Rebecca A. Reiss, Monique Beaudet, Johnny Sena, Jay S. Naik, Benjimen R. Walker, Karen L. Sweazea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Diet-induced metabolic dysfunction precedes multiple disease states including diabetes, heart disease, and vascular dysfunction. The critical role of the vasculature in disease progression is established, yet the details of how gene expression changes in early cardiovascular disease remain an enigma. The objective of the current pilot project was to evaluate whether a quantitative assessment of gene expression within the aorta of six-week old healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats compared to those exhibiting symptoms of metabolic dysfunction could reveal potential mediators of vascular dysfunction. Methods: RNA was extracted from the aorta of eight rats from a larger experiment; four animals fed a high-fat diet (HFD) known to induce symptoms of metabolic dysfunction (hypertension, increased adiposity, fasting hyperglycemia) and four age-matched healthy animals fed a standard chow diet (CHOW). The bioinformatic workflow included Gene Ontology (GO) biological process enrichment and network analyses. Results: The resulting network contained genes relevant to physiological processes including fat and protein metabolism, oxygen transport, hormone regulation, vascular regulation, thermoregulation, and circadian rhythm. The majority of differentially regulated genes were downregulated, including several associated with circadian clock function. In contrast, leptin and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase 2 (Hmgcs2) were notably upregulated. Leptin is involved in several major energy balance signaling pathways and Hmgcs2 is a mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes the first reaction of ketogenesis. Conclusion: Together, these data describe changes in gene expression within the aortic wall of HFD rats with early metabolic dysfunction and highlight potential pathways and signaling intermediates that may impact the development of early vascular dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere11714
JournalPeerJ
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Aorta
  • Cardiovascular
  • Gene
  • High fat diet
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Short-term high fat diet alters genes associated with metabolic and vascular dysfunction during adolescence in rats: a pilot study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this