SGL-PCA: Health Index Construction With Sensor Sparsity and Temporal Monotonicity for Mixed High-Dimensional Signals

Feng Wang, Andi Wang, Tao Tang, Jianjun Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

With advancements in sensor technology, high dimensional signals such as functional curves and images are typically collected from multiple sensors to characterize the degradation of a system. Data fusion methods are employed to integrate multisensor signals generated from the system into a scalar health index (HI) to understand the degradation status of the system. This paper develops sparse group LASSO-principal component analysis (SGL-PCA), a method that constructs HIs for image and profile data. First, we remove the smooth background from each sensor signal. Then, we solve the degradation patterns and the degradation paths through a rank-one matrix approximation problem, with the consideration of the sparsity of the measurements related to the degradation process and the monotonicity of the degradation paths. Results from a simulation study and a case study illustrate that the HI constructed by the proposed method outperforms the benchmark methods in identifying the measurements subject to the degradation process and predicting the remaining useful life of the system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalIEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Degradation
  • Indexes
  • Market research
  • PCA
  • Predictive models
  • Rail transportation
  • Relays
  • Sparse group LASSO
  • Switches
  • degradation modeling
  • health index
  • high dimensional data.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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