A model of condom-use intentions and behavior that we previously developed for women was replicated and extended with heterosexual men (n = 203; M age = 20.1 years). The general determinants of intentions to use condoms were consistent for men and women. The predictors of general condom attitudes and condom-use self-efficacy differed across gender. Male condom-use outcome beliefs and sexual self-control emerged as predictors of sexually experienced men's condom attitudes and self-efficacy, respectively. In a 3-month follow-up, intentions and sexual self-control predicted condom-use behavior. These findings have implications for specificity vs. generality in the correlates of common behaviors across groups, the study of gender differences in condom use, and the development of intervention content targeted to specific populations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||28|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Social Psychology|
|State||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Psychology