Sex Differences in salivary cortisol, alpha-amylase, and psychological functioning following Hurricane Katrina

Jacob M. Vigil, David C. Geary, Douglas A. Granger, Mark V. Flinn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study examines group and individual differences in psychological functioning and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity among adolescents displaced by Hurricane Katrina and living in a U.S. government relocation camp (n = 62, ages 12-19 years) 2 months postdisaster. Levels of salivary cortisol, salivary alpha-amylase, depression, anxiety, distress, aggression, and self-esteem for this group were contrasted with a demographically matched no-trauma control group (n = 53). Results revealed that hurricane exposure and SNS activity moderated the relations between lower cortisol and higher internalizing behaviors. Sex-related differences were observed in behavioral adjustment and stress regulation. Implications of sex differences in biobehavioral adjustment to loss, displacement, and relocation are discussed in relation to evolutionary and developmental theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1228-1240
Number of pages13
JournalChild Development
Volume81
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Salivary alpha-Amylases
Social Adjustment
Cyclonic Storms
Sympathetic Nervous System
move
Sex Characteristics
Hydrocortisone
Psychology
study group
Aggression
Self Concept
Individuality
aggression
self-esteem
trauma
Anxiety
Group
Depression
anxiety
adolescent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Sex Differences in salivary cortisol, alpha-amylase, and psychological functioning following Hurricane Katrina. / Vigil, Jacob M.; Geary, David C.; Granger, Douglas A.; Flinn, Mark V.

In: Child Development, Vol. 81, No. 4, 07.2010, p. 1228-1240.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vigil, Jacob M. ; Geary, David C. ; Granger, Douglas A. ; Flinn, Mark V. / Sex Differences in salivary cortisol, alpha-amylase, and psychological functioning following Hurricane Katrina. In: Child Development. 2010 ; Vol. 81, No. 4. pp. 1228-1240.
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