An experimental rationale for deciphering the relative dependence of steps in a developmental pathway (Jarvik & Botstein, 1973; Hereford & Hartwell, 1974) has been employed to determine the relationship between the hydroxyurea-sensitive step and various temperature-sensitive steps in the cell cycle of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Since hydroxyurea inhibits DNA replication in yeast (Slater, 1973), the data identify gene products upon whose function DNA replication is dependent (cdc 4, 6, 7, 2, 8, 21) and gene products whose function or synthesis requires DNA replication (cdc 2, 8, 21, 9, 13, 16, 23, 5, 15). Other gene products (cdc 3, 11, 24) function independent of DNA replication. These results suggest that the events of the cell cycle occur in a proscribed order because many of the gene products that mediate these events arc restricted to a prescribed sequence of function. Mutations in two genes (cdc 2 and 6) result in cells that remain sensitive to hydroxyurea after an incubation at the restrictive temperature, despite the fact that both mutants incorporate radioactive precursors into DNA at the restrictive temperature (Hartwell, 1973). It is suggested that cdc 6 specifies a function that is necessary for the proper initiation of DNA replication, and cdc 2 a function that is necessary for correct DNA elongation, and that in the absence of either of these functions the DNA that is made is either faulty or incomplete.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology