Separate but Not Equal: The Effects of Municipal Electoral Reform on Female Representation in Chile

Magda Hinojosa, Susan Franceschet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations


Chile altered its electoral rules for municipal elections in 2002. The new rules separated mayoral and council member elections, and while the latter continue to use proportional representation, mayors are now chosen based on plurality. These changes serve as a natural test of the effects of electoral rules on women's political representation. The Chilean case demonstrates (1) that electoral reform is gendered, (2) that women's representation is shaped by both formal and informal rules, and (3) that electoral rules have different effects on mayoral and council member positions, demonstrating that the "glass ceiling" for executive positions is harder to crack.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)758-770
Number of pages13
JournalPolitical Research Quarterly
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012



  • Chile
  • candidate selection
  • council members
  • electoral rules
  • gender
  • informal institutions
  • mayors
  • municipal politics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this