Self-serving dishonest decisions can show facilitated cognitive dynamics

Maryam Tabatabaeian, Rick Dale, Nicholas Duran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We use a novel task to test two competing hypotheses concerning the cognitive processes involved in dishonesty. Many existing accounts of deception imply that in order to act dishonestly one has to use cognitive control to overcome a bias toward the truth, which results in more time and effort. A recent hypothesis suggests that lying in order to serve self-interest may be a rapid, even automatic tendency taking less time than refraining from lying. In the current study, we track the action dynamics of potentially dishonest decisions to investigate the underlying cognitive processes. Participants are asked to privately predict the outcome of a virtual coin flip, report their accuracy and receive bonus credit for accurate predictions. The movements of the computer cursor toward the target answer are recorded and used to characterize the dynamics of decisions. Our results suggest that when a self-serving condition holds, decisions that have a high probability of being dishonest take less time and experience less hesitation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-300
Number of pages10
JournalCognitive Processing
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 25 2015

Fingerprint

Numismatics
Deception

Keywords

  • Action dynamics
  • Cognitive processes
  • Decision-making
  • Dishonesty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Artificial Intelligence

Cite this

Self-serving dishonest decisions can show facilitated cognitive dynamics. / Tabatabaeian, Maryam; Dale, Rick; Duran, Nicholas.

In: Cognitive Processing, Vol. 16, No. 3, 25.08.2015, p. 291-300.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tabatabaeian, Maryam ; Dale, Rick ; Duran, Nicholas. / Self-serving dishonest decisions can show facilitated cognitive dynamics. In: Cognitive Processing. 2015 ; Vol. 16, No. 3. pp. 291-300.
@article{56826e45eaa0452281c29188eb65906b,
title = "Self-serving dishonest decisions can show facilitated cognitive dynamics",
abstract = "We use a novel task to test two competing hypotheses concerning the cognitive processes involved in dishonesty. Many existing accounts of deception imply that in order to act dishonestly one has to use cognitive control to overcome a bias toward the truth, which results in more time and effort. A recent hypothesis suggests that lying in order to serve self-interest may be a rapid, even automatic tendency taking less time than refraining from lying. In the current study, we track the action dynamics of potentially dishonest decisions to investigate the underlying cognitive processes. Participants are asked to privately predict the outcome of a virtual coin flip, report their accuracy and receive bonus credit for accurate predictions. The movements of the computer cursor toward the target answer are recorded and used to characterize the dynamics of decisions. Our results suggest that when a self-serving condition holds, decisions that have a high probability of being dishonest take less time and experience less hesitation.",
keywords = "Action dynamics, Cognitive processes, Decision-making, Dishonesty",
author = "Maryam Tabatabaeian and Rick Dale and Nicholas Duran",
year = "2015",
month = "8",
day = "25",
doi = "10.1007/s10339-015-0660-6",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "16",
pages = "291--300",
journal = "Cognitive Processing",
issn = "1612-4782",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Self-serving dishonest decisions can show facilitated cognitive dynamics

AU - Tabatabaeian, Maryam

AU - Dale, Rick

AU - Duran, Nicholas

PY - 2015/8/25

Y1 - 2015/8/25

N2 - We use a novel task to test two competing hypotheses concerning the cognitive processes involved in dishonesty. Many existing accounts of deception imply that in order to act dishonestly one has to use cognitive control to overcome a bias toward the truth, which results in more time and effort. A recent hypothesis suggests that lying in order to serve self-interest may be a rapid, even automatic tendency taking less time than refraining from lying. In the current study, we track the action dynamics of potentially dishonest decisions to investigate the underlying cognitive processes. Participants are asked to privately predict the outcome of a virtual coin flip, report their accuracy and receive bonus credit for accurate predictions. The movements of the computer cursor toward the target answer are recorded and used to characterize the dynamics of decisions. Our results suggest that when a self-serving condition holds, decisions that have a high probability of being dishonest take less time and experience less hesitation.

AB - We use a novel task to test two competing hypotheses concerning the cognitive processes involved in dishonesty. Many existing accounts of deception imply that in order to act dishonestly one has to use cognitive control to overcome a bias toward the truth, which results in more time and effort. A recent hypothesis suggests that lying in order to serve self-interest may be a rapid, even automatic tendency taking less time than refraining from lying. In the current study, we track the action dynamics of potentially dishonest decisions to investigate the underlying cognitive processes. Participants are asked to privately predict the outcome of a virtual coin flip, report their accuracy and receive bonus credit for accurate predictions. The movements of the computer cursor toward the target answer are recorded and used to characterize the dynamics of decisions. Our results suggest that when a self-serving condition holds, decisions that have a high probability of being dishonest take less time and experience less hesitation.

KW - Action dynamics

KW - Cognitive processes

KW - Decision-making

KW - Dishonesty

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84937975464&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84937975464&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10339-015-0660-6

DO - 10.1007/s10339-015-0660-6

M3 - Article

C2 - 26082072

AN - SCOPUS:84937975464

VL - 16

SP - 291

EP - 300

JO - Cognitive Processing

JF - Cognitive Processing

SN - 1612-4782

IS - 3

ER -