Self-doped conducting polymers

A. O. Patil, Y. Ikenoue, N. Basescu, N. Colaneri, J. Chen, F. Wudl, A. J. Heeger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

152 Scopus citations


The sodium salts and the 'proton salts' (acids) of poly-3-(2-ethanesulfonate)thiophene and of poly-3-(4-butanesulfonate)thiophene are the first known examples of water-soluble conducting polymers. In these polymers the counterions are covalently bound to the polymer backbone, leading to the self-doping concept. In a self-doped conjugated polymer, charge injected into the π-electron system is compensated by proton (or Li+, Na+, etc.) ejection, leaving behind the oppositely charged counterion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-159
Number of pages9
JournalSynthetic Metals
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1987


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Patil, A. O., Ikenoue, Y., Basescu, N., Colaneri, N., Chen, J., Wudl, F., & Heeger, A. J. (1987). Self-doped conducting polymers. Synthetic Metals, 20(2), 151-159.