Selective incapacitation: A note on its impact on minorities

Scott Decker, Barbara Salert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Selective incapacitation has been proposed as a more judicious use of corrections. That is, through predicting and segregating high rate offenders, the goals of crime reduction and more efficient use of prison space can be realized. The Greenwood scale has been proposed as a device that can accurately predict which offenders are likely to be high rate offenders. Before such scales can be implemented for policy purposes, though, it is imperative that the scale items used do not discriminate unfairly between blacks and whites, men and women, rich and poor. This article examines the impact of such a scale on sentencing recommendations for each of these groups. The findings indicate that disadvantaged groups in society (blacks, women, and the poor) are more likely to receive higher Greenwood scale scores, and thus designation as high rate offenders, even when controls for prior offenses are included. The implications of this and related findings are discussed for the use of such predictive devices in criminal justice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-299
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Criminal Justice
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

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offender
minority
offense
Equipment and Supplies
Criminal Law
Prisons
Vulnerable Populations
Crime
correctional institution
Group
justice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Law
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Selective incapacitation : A note on its impact on minorities. / Decker, Scott; Salert, Barbara.

In: Journal of Criminal Justice, Vol. 15, No. 4, 1987, p. 287-299.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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