Selective Crystallization Behavior of CaO-SiO2-Al2O3-MgO-FetO-P2O5 Steelmaking Slags Modified through P2O5 and Al2O3

Zhanjun Wang, Yongqi Sun, Seetharaman Sridhar, Mei Zhang, Min Guo, Zuotai Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


In this study, the selective crystallization behavior of synthetic FetO-rich steelmaking slags modified by P2O5 and Al2O3 additions was explored using non-isothermal differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction, and field emission scanning electron microscopy techniques. Continuous cooling transformation diagrams of Fe-enriched and P-enriched phases were constructed. It was found that P2O5 addition can suppress the crystallization due to the increasing viscosity caused by increasing degree of polymerization; however, an increase of Al2O3 content accelerated the precipitation of dystectic MgFeAlO4, copolymerized by [AlO4]-tetrahedra and [FeO4]-tetrahedra units. It was also noted that the content of phosphorus in P-enriched phase can reach a high value as 28.71 wt pct for the slags modified by 15.17 wt pct Al2O3. The non-isothermal crystallization kinetics derived from activation energy and the structure of the slags explained by Raman spectra were further analyzed, which was well in accordance with the above analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2246-2254
Number of pages9
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 25 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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