Sedentary Behaviors and Cardiometabolic Risk: An Isotemporal Substitution Analysis

Kara M. Whitaker, Matthew Buman, Andrew O. Odegaard, Katie C. Carpenter, David R. Jacobs, Stephen Sidney, Mark A. Pereira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Evidence suggests that time spent engaging in sedentary behaviors is associated with a greater risk of adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. We investigated the cross-sectional associations of 6 unique sedentary tasks (watching television, using the computer, completing paperwork, reading, talking on the telephone, and sitting in a car) with cardiometabolic risk factors, and also examined the effect of replacing one type of sedentary behavior with another on the level of cardiometabolic risk. Participants consisted of 3,211 individuals from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study who visited the clinic between 2010 and 2011. Linear regression models examined the independent and joint associations of sedentary tasks with a composite cardiometabolic risk score, as well as with individual cardiometabolic risk factors (waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting glucose, insulin, triglycerides, and high density lipoprotein cholesterol) after adjusting for physical activity and other covariates. Replacing 2 hours of television viewing with 2 hours spent performing any other sedentary activity was associated with a lower cardiometabolic risk score of 0.06-0.09 standard deviations (all 95% confidence intervals: -0.13, -0.02). No other replacements of one type of sedentary task for another were significant. Study findings indicate that television viewing has a more adverse association with cardiometabolic risk factors than other sedentary behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-189
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Epidemiology
Volume187
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2018

Fingerprint

Television
Linear Models
Waist Circumference
Telephone
HDL Cholesterol
Reading
Young Adult
Fasting
Coronary Vessels
Triglycerides
Confidence Intervals
Exercise
Insulin
Blood Pressure
Glucose

Keywords

  • cardiometabolic risk
  • Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults
  • isotemporal substitution
  • sedentary behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Whitaker, K. M., Buman, M., Odegaard, A. O., Carpenter, K. C., Jacobs, D. R., Sidney, S., & Pereira, M. A. (2018). Sedentary Behaviors and Cardiometabolic Risk: An Isotemporal Substitution Analysis. American Journal of Epidemiology, 187(2), 181-189. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwx209

Sedentary Behaviors and Cardiometabolic Risk : An Isotemporal Substitution Analysis. / Whitaker, Kara M.; Buman, Matthew; Odegaard, Andrew O.; Carpenter, Katie C.; Jacobs, David R.; Sidney, Stephen; Pereira, Mark A.

In: American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 187, No. 2, 01.02.2018, p. 181-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Whitaker, KM, Buman, M, Odegaard, AO, Carpenter, KC, Jacobs, DR, Sidney, S & Pereira, MA 2018, 'Sedentary Behaviors and Cardiometabolic Risk: An Isotemporal Substitution Analysis', American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 187, no. 2, pp. 181-189. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwx209
Whitaker, Kara M. ; Buman, Matthew ; Odegaard, Andrew O. ; Carpenter, Katie C. ; Jacobs, David R. ; Sidney, Stephen ; Pereira, Mark A. / Sedentary Behaviors and Cardiometabolic Risk : An Isotemporal Substitution Analysis. In: American Journal of Epidemiology. 2018 ; Vol. 187, No. 2. pp. 181-189.
@article{c9a445e52f8b45c980477696e27b576a,
title = "Sedentary Behaviors and Cardiometabolic Risk: An Isotemporal Substitution Analysis",
abstract = "Evidence suggests that time spent engaging in sedentary behaviors is associated with a greater risk of adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. We investigated the cross-sectional associations of 6 unique sedentary tasks (watching television, using the computer, completing paperwork, reading, talking on the telephone, and sitting in a car) with cardiometabolic risk factors, and also examined the effect of replacing one type of sedentary behavior with another on the level of cardiometabolic risk. Participants consisted of 3,211 individuals from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study who visited the clinic between 2010 and 2011. Linear regression models examined the independent and joint associations of sedentary tasks with a composite cardiometabolic risk score, as well as with individual cardiometabolic risk factors (waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting glucose, insulin, triglycerides, and high density lipoprotein cholesterol) after adjusting for physical activity and other covariates. Replacing 2 hours of television viewing with 2 hours spent performing any other sedentary activity was associated with a lower cardiometabolic risk score of 0.06-0.09 standard deviations (all 95{\%} confidence intervals: -0.13, -0.02). No other replacements of one type of sedentary task for another were significant. Study findings indicate that television viewing has a more adverse association with cardiometabolic risk factors than other sedentary behaviors.",
keywords = "cardiometabolic risk, Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults, isotemporal substitution, sedentary behaviors",
author = "Whitaker, {Kara M.} and Matthew Buman and Odegaard, {Andrew O.} and Carpenter, {Katie C.} and Jacobs, {David R.} and Stephen Sidney and Pereira, {Mark A.}",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/aje/kwx209",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "187",
pages = "181--189",
journal = "American Journal of Epidemiology",
issn = "0002-9262",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sedentary Behaviors and Cardiometabolic Risk

T2 - An Isotemporal Substitution Analysis

AU - Whitaker, Kara M.

AU - Buman, Matthew

AU - Odegaard, Andrew O.

AU - Carpenter, Katie C.

AU - Jacobs, David R.

AU - Sidney, Stephen

AU - Pereira, Mark A.

PY - 2018/2/1

Y1 - 2018/2/1

N2 - Evidence suggests that time spent engaging in sedentary behaviors is associated with a greater risk of adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. We investigated the cross-sectional associations of 6 unique sedentary tasks (watching television, using the computer, completing paperwork, reading, talking on the telephone, and sitting in a car) with cardiometabolic risk factors, and also examined the effect of replacing one type of sedentary behavior with another on the level of cardiometabolic risk. Participants consisted of 3,211 individuals from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study who visited the clinic between 2010 and 2011. Linear regression models examined the independent and joint associations of sedentary tasks with a composite cardiometabolic risk score, as well as with individual cardiometabolic risk factors (waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting glucose, insulin, triglycerides, and high density lipoprotein cholesterol) after adjusting for physical activity and other covariates. Replacing 2 hours of television viewing with 2 hours spent performing any other sedentary activity was associated with a lower cardiometabolic risk score of 0.06-0.09 standard deviations (all 95% confidence intervals: -0.13, -0.02). No other replacements of one type of sedentary task for another were significant. Study findings indicate that television viewing has a more adverse association with cardiometabolic risk factors than other sedentary behaviors.

AB - Evidence suggests that time spent engaging in sedentary behaviors is associated with a greater risk of adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. We investigated the cross-sectional associations of 6 unique sedentary tasks (watching television, using the computer, completing paperwork, reading, talking on the telephone, and sitting in a car) with cardiometabolic risk factors, and also examined the effect of replacing one type of sedentary behavior with another on the level of cardiometabolic risk. Participants consisted of 3,211 individuals from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study who visited the clinic between 2010 and 2011. Linear regression models examined the independent and joint associations of sedentary tasks with a composite cardiometabolic risk score, as well as with individual cardiometabolic risk factors (waist circumference, blood pressure, fasting glucose, insulin, triglycerides, and high density lipoprotein cholesterol) after adjusting for physical activity and other covariates. Replacing 2 hours of television viewing with 2 hours spent performing any other sedentary activity was associated with a lower cardiometabolic risk score of 0.06-0.09 standard deviations (all 95% confidence intervals: -0.13, -0.02). No other replacements of one type of sedentary task for another were significant. Study findings indicate that television viewing has a more adverse association with cardiometabolic risk factors than other sedentary behaviors.

KW - cardiometabolic risk

KW - Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults

KW - isotemporal substitution

KW - sedentary behaviors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85028547449&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85028547449&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/aje/kwx209

DO - 10.1093/aje/kwx209

M3 - Article

C2 - 28595346

AN - SCOPUS:85028547449

VL - 187

SP - 181

EP - 189

JO - American Journal of Epidemiology

JF - American Journal of Epidemiology

SN - 0002-9262

IS - 2

ER -