Searching for the fourth law

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review


The history of universe appears to be one of the increasing complexification viewed on the cosmological scale. The universe began in an exceptionally blind state, a state of thermodynamic equilibrium, as evidence by the near-perfect uniformity of the radiation left over from its fiery birth. The emergence of life on Earth, and the slow evolution of multicellularity, complex behavior and eventually intelligence, is just a small branch of the cosmic creativity that began with the big bang. The elaborate universe did not emerged readymade, but gradually emerged over billion of years through a long succession of self-organizing and self-complexifying processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalNew Scientist
Issue number2523
StatePublished - Oct 29 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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