Seamless integration of spatial statistics and GIS: The S-PLUS for ArcView and the S+Grassland Links

Shuming Bao, Luc Anselin, Doug Martin, Diana Stralberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations


The extension of the functional capacity of geographic information systems (GIS) with tools for statistical analysis in general and exploratory spatial data analysis (ESDA) in particular has been an increasingly active area of research in recent years. In this paper, two operational implementations that combine the functionality of spatial data analysis software with a GIS are considered more closely. They consist of linkages between the S-PLUS software for data analysis and two different GIS implementations, the ArcView desktop system, which is mostly vector-oriented, and the primarily raster-based Grassland open GIS environment. We emphasize conceptual and technical issues related to the software implementation of these approaches and suggest future directions for linking spatial statistics and GIS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-306
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Geographical Systems
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000



  • ArcView
  • ESDA
  • Grassland
  • S-PLUS
  • Spatial statistics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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