School Punishment and Education: Racial/Ethnic Disparities With Grade Retention and the Role of Urbanicity

Anthony A. Peguero, Kay S. Varela, Miner P.“Trey” Marchbanks, Jamilia Blake, John M. Eason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

There are racial/ethnic disparities associated with school punishment practices and academic progress. In addition, research suggests that urban schools have stricter school punishment practices and higher grade retention rates. What remains unknown, however, is the relationship between race/ethnicity, school punishment practices, and retention rates across urban, rural, and suburban schools. Thus, this study draws from the Texas Education Agency’s Public Education Information Management System and Critical Race Theory to investigate if there is link between school punishment practices and academic progress, as well as establishing if there are racial/ethnic disparities in urban, rural, and suburban contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-260
Number of pages33
JournalUrban Education
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • achievement gap
  • programs
  • retention rates
  • social
  • suspension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Urban Studies

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