Scholars’ preferred solutions for research misconduct: results from a survey of faculty members at America’s top 100 research universities

Travis C. Pratt, Michael Reisig, Kristy Reisig, Katelyn A. Golladay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Research misconduct is harmful because it threatens public health and public safety, and also undermines public confidence in science. Efforts to eradicate ongoing and prevent future misconduct are numerous and varied, yet the question of “what works” remains largely unanswered. To shed light on this issue, this study used data from both mail and online surveys administered to a stratified random sample of tenured and tenure-track faculty members (N = 613) in the social, natural, and applied sciences at America’s top 100 research universities. Participants were asked to gauge the effectiveness of various intervention strategies: formal sanctions (professional and legal), informal sanctions (peers), prevention efforts (ethics and professional training), and reducing the pressures associated with working in research-intensive units. Results indicated that (1) formal sanctions received the highest level of support, (2) female scholars and researchers working in the applied sciences favored formal sanctions, and (3) a nontrivial portion of the sample supported an integrated approach that combined elements of different strategies. A key takeaway for university administrators is that a multifaceted approach to dealing with the problem of research misconduct, which prominently features enhanced formal sanctions, will be met with the support of university faculty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEthics and Behavior
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Scientific Misconduct
Research
Professional Ethics
Natural Science Disciplines
Postal Service
Administrative Personnel
Public Health
Research Personnel
Safety
Pressure
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • academic integrity
  • deviant behavior
  • research fraud
  • Research misconduct

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Scholars’ preferred solutions for research misconduct : results from a survey of faculty members at America’s top 100 research universities. / Pratt, Travis C.; Reisig, Michael; Reisig, Kristy; Golladay, Katelyn A.

In: Ethics and Behavior, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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