Scanning gate imaging of a disordered quantum point contact

N. Aoki, C. R. Da Cunha, R. Akis, D. K. Ferry, Y. Ochiai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Scanning gate microscopy (SGM) is a novel technique that has been used to image characteristic features related to the coherent electron flow in mesoscopic structures. For instance, SGM has successfully been applied to study peculiar electron transport properties that arise due to small levels of disorder in a system. The particular case of an InGaAs quantum well layer in a heterostructure, which is dominated by a quasi-ballistic regime, was analyzed. A quantum point contact fabricated onto this material exhibits conduction fluctuations that are not expected in typical high-mobility heterostructures such as AlGaAs/GaAs. SGM revealed not only interference patterns corresponding to specific conductance fluctuations but also mode-dependent resistance peaks corresponding to the first and second quantum levels of conductance (2e 2/h) at zero magnetic field. On the other hand, clear conductance plateaus originating from the integer quantum Hall effect were observed at high magnetic fields. The physical size of incompressible edge channels was estimated from cross-sectional analysis of these images.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number193202
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Volume26
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 14 2014

Keywords

  • canning gate microscopy
  • conductance fluctuations
  • disordere
  • quantum Hall effect
  • quantum point contact

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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