The silicon nanostructure is a promising candidate for an anode of Li-ion batteries due to its high theoretical capacity. In this work, we have demonstrated the scalable synthesis of Si nanosheets from natural sand by magnesiothermic reduction, and suggested a new formation mechanism for Si nanosheets. In the suggested mechanism, an Mg2Si intermediate phase was formed at an early stage of the reduction process, which leads to the two-dimensional Si nanostructure. The synthesized Si nanosheets have a leaf-like sheet morphology ranging from several ten to several hundred nanometers, and show comparable electrochemical properties to the commercial Si nanopowder as an anode for lithium ion batteries. For the improved electrochemical performance, Si nanosheets are encapsulated with reduced graphene oxide (RGO), and the RGO-encapsulated Si nanosheet electrode exhibits high-reversible capacity and excellent rate capability.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)