SAMD9 is an innate antiviral host factor with stress response properties that can be antagonized by poxviruses

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31 Scopus citations

Abstract

We show that SAMD9 is an innate host antiviral stress response element that participates in the formation of antiviral granules. Poxviruses, myxoma virus and vaccinia virus specifically, utilize a virus-encoded host range factor(s), such as a member of the C7L superfamily, to antagonize SAMD9 to prevent granule formation in a eukaryotic initiation factor 2α (eIF2α)-independent manner. When SAMD9 is stimulated due to failure of the viral antagonism during infection, the resulting antiviral granules exhibit properties different from those of the canonical stress granules.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1925-1931
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of virology
Volume89
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

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