Role of M2 muscarinic receptor in the airway response to methacholine of mice selected for minimal or maximal acute inflammatory response

Juciane Maria De Andrade Castro, Rodrigo R. Resende, Luciana Mirotti, Esther Florsheim, Layra Lucy Albuquerque, Adriana Lino-Dos-Santos-Franco, Eliane Gomes, Wothan Tavares De Lima, Marcelo De Franco, Orlando Garcia Ribeiro, Momtchilo Russo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Airway smooth muscle constriction induced by cholinergic agonists such as methacholine (MCh), which is typically increased in asthmatic patients, is regulated mainly by muscle muscarinic M3 receptors and negatively by vagal muscarinic M2 receptors. Here we evaluated basal (intrinsic) and allergen-induced (extrinsic) airway responses to MCh. We used two mouse lines selected to respond maximally (AIRmax) or minimally (AIRmin) to innate inflammatory stimuli. We found that in basal condition AIRmin mice responded more vigorously to MCh than AIRmax. Treatment with a specific M2 antagonist increased airway response of AIRmax but not of AIRmin mice. The expression of M2 receptors in the lung was significantly lower in AIRmin compared to AIRmax animals. AIRmax mice developed a more intense allergic inflammation than AIRmin, and both allergic mouse lines increased airway responses to MCh. However, gallamine treatment of allergic groups did not affect the responses to MCh. Our results confirm that low or dysfunctional M2 receptor activity is associated with increased airway responsiveness to MCh and that this trait was inherited during the selective breeding of AIRmin mice and was acquired by AIRmax mice during allergic lung inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number805627
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2013
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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