Role of horizontal thermal conduction and finite time thrust emplacement in simulation of pressure-temperature-time paths

C. Ruppel, Kip Hodges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Comparison of metamorphic thermal histories produced by (1) one- vs. two-dimensional conductive models and (2) instantaneous vs. finite emplacement time thrusting indicates that the simple 1D or instantaneous models applied by many petrologists generally produce pressure-temperature (PT) paths with topologies similiar to those generated by 2D, time-transitive models. However, maximum temperatures attained by footwall rocks are significantly lower in 1D than in 2D conductive models, leading us to recommend that 2D thermal effects be incorporated into models whenever possible. PT paths produced by instantaneous and finite-duration thrust emplacement differ significantly during the synthrusting period, but the peak metamorphic conditions (TMAX and pressure at TMAX) eventually attained by footwall rocks during erosional unroofing are the same within minimum analytical uncertainties ( ± 50 K, ± 100 MPa) on geothermobarometric data. Thus, if erosion begins only after the end of the thrusting event, instantaneous thrusting is a reasonable simplifying assumption that introduces relatively little inaccuracy into PT models devised to examine peak metamorphic conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-60
Number of pages12
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Volume123
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

thrust
emplacement
conduction
simulation
temperature
footwall
Temperature
Rocks
rocks
unroofing
temperature effect
rock
Thermal effects
topology
erosion
temperature effects
Hot Temperature
Erosion
Topology
histories

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Comparison of metamorphic thermal histories produced by (1) one- vs. two-dimensional conductive models and (2) instantaneous vs. finite emplacement time thrusting indicates that the simple 1D or instantaneous models applied by many petrologists generally produce pressure-temperature (PT) paths with topologies similiar to those generated by 2D, time-transitive models. However, maximum temperatures attained by footwall rocks are significantly lower in 1D than in 2D conductive models, leading us to recommend that 2D thermal effects be incorporated into models whenever possible. PT paths produced by instantaneous and finite-duration thrust emplacement differ significantly during the synthrusting period, but the peak metamorphic conditions (TMAX and pressure at TMAX) eventually attained by footwall rocks during erosional unroofing are the same within minimum analytical uncertainties ( ± 50 K, ± 100 MPa) on geothermobarometric data. Thus, if erosion begins only after the end of the thrusting event, instantaneous thrusting is a reasonable simplifying assumption that introduces relatively little inaccuracy into PT models devised to examine peak metamorphic conditions.",
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N2 - Comparison of metamorphic thermal histories produced by (1) one- vs. two-dimensional conductive models and (2) instantaneous vs. finite emplacement time thrusting indicates that the simple 1D or instantaneous models applied by many petrologists generally produce pressure-temperature (PT) paths with topologies similiar to those generated by 2D, time-transitive models. However, maximum temperatures attained by footwall rocks are significantly lower in 1D than in 2D conductive models, leading us to recommend that 2D thermal effects be incorporated into models whenever possible. PT paths produced by instantaneous and finite-duration thrust emplacement differ significantly during the synthrusting period, but the peak metamorphic conditions (TMAX and pressure at TMAX) eventually attained by footwall rocks during erosional unroofing are the same within minimum analytical uncertainties ( ± 50 K, ± 100 MPa) on geothermobarometric data. Thus, if erosion begins only after the end of the thrusting event, instantaneous thrusting is a reasonable simplifying assumption that introduces relatively little inaccuracy into PT models devised to examine peak metamorphic conditions.

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