Robotic Knee Tracking Control to Mimic the Intact Human Knee Profile Based on Actor-Critic Reinforcement Learning

Ruofan Wu, Zhikai Yao, Jennie Si, He Helen Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We address a state-of-the-art reinforcement learning (RL) control approach to automatically configure robotic prosthesis impedance parameters to enable end-to-end, continuous locomotion intended for transfemoral amputee subjects. Specifically, our actor-critic based RL provides tracking control of a robotic knee prosthesis to mimic the intact knee profile, This is a significant advance from our previous RL based automatic tuning of prosthesis control parameters which have centered on regulation control with a designer prescribed robotic knee profile as the target. In addition to presenting the tracking control algorithm based on direct heuristic dynamic programming (dHDP), we provide a control performance guarantee including the case of constrained inputs. We show that our proposed tracking control possesses several important properties, such as weight convergence of the learning networks, Bellman (sub) optimality of the cost-to-go value function and control input, and practical stability of the human-robot system. We further provide a systematic simulation of the proposed tracking control using a realistic human-robot system simulator, the OpenSim, to emulate how the dHDP enables level ground walking, walking on different terrains and at different paces. These results show that our proposed dHDP based tracking control is not only theoretically suitable, but also practically useful.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-30
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

Keywords

  • Automatic tracking of intact knee
  • configuration of robotic knee prosthesis
  • direct heuristic dynamic programming (dHDP)
  • reinforcement learning control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Information Systems
  • Artificial Intelligence

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