Risk as a moderator of the effects of prevention programs for children from divorced families: A six-year longitudinal study

Spring R. Dawson-McClure, Irwin Sandler, Sharlene Wolchik, Roger E. Millsap

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

Program by risk interactions were assessed to evaluate whether the long-term effects of two preventive interventions for children from divorced families were moderated by baseline levels of risk. Six-year prospective relations between childhood (ages 9-12) and adolescence (ages 15-19) were examined in 68 children who comprised the control group of a randomized trial. Analyses indicated that two childhood variables predicted multiple adolescent outcomes: environmental stressors and externalizing problems. A risk index composed of these 2 variables was highly predictive of internalizing and externalizing problems, competence, substance use, and mental disorder 6 years later. Analyses of the full sample (N = 218) indicated that program effects were greater for children with higher risk scores and that the programs attenuated the relation between risk and adolescent internalizing and externalizing problems, competence, and mental disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-190
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2004

Keywords

  • Adolescent adjustment
  • Parental divorce
  • Prevention
  • Program moderators

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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