Risk and resilience in the late glacial

A case study from the western Mediterranean

C Michael Barton, J. Emili Aura Tortosa, Oreto Garcia-Puchol, Julien G. Riel-Salvatore, Nicolas Gauthier, Margarita Vadillo Conesa, Geneviève Pothier Bouchard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The period spanning the Last Glacial Maximum through early Holocene encompasses dramatic and rapid environmental changes that offered both increased risk and new opportunities to human populations of the Mediterranean zone. The regional effects of global climate change varied spatially with latitude, topography, and distance from a shifting coastline; and human adaptations to these changes played out at these regional scales. To better understand the spatial and temporal dynamics of climate change and human social-ecological-technological systems (or SETS) during the transition from full glacial to interglacial, we carried out a meta-analysis of archaeological and paleoenvironmental datasets across the western Mediterranean region. We compiled information on prehistoric technology, land-use, and hunting strategies from 291 archaeological assemblages, recovered from 122 sites extending from southern Spain, through Mediterranean France, to northern and peninsular Italy, as well as 2,386 radiocarbon dates from across this region. We combine these data on human ecological dynamics with paleoenvironmental information derived from global climate models, proxy data, and estimates of coastlines modeled from sea level estimates and digital terrain. The LGM represents an ecologically predictable period for over much of the western Mediterranean, while the remainder of the Pleistocene was increasingly unpredictable, making it a period of increased ecological risk for hunter-gatherers. In response to increasing spatial and temporal uncertainty, hunter-gatherers reorganized different constituents of their SETS, allowing regional populations to adapt to these conditions up to a point. Beyond this threshold, rapid environmental change resulted in significant demographic change in Mediterranean hunter-gatherer populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalQuaternary Science Reviews
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

hunter-gatherer
late glacial
resilience
case studies
global climate
environmental change
climate change
coasts
Mediterranean region
coast
climate models
meta-analysis
Last Glacial Maximum
population development
interglacial
human population
hunting
sea level
topography
climate modeling

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Archaeology
  • Demography
  • Environmental uncertainty
  • Human ecology
  • Hunter-gatherers
  • Paleoclimate models
  • Paleolithic
  • Pleistocene-Holocene
  • Western Mediterranean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology
  • Geology

Cite this

Barton, C. M., Aura Tortosa, J. E., Garcia-Puchol, O., Riel-Salvatore, J. G., Gauthier, N., Vadillo Conesa, M., & Pothier Bouchard, G. (Accepted/In press). Risk and resilience in the late glacial: A case study from the western Mediterranean. Quaternary Science Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.09.015

Risk and resilience in the late glacial : A case study from the western Mediterranean. / Barton, C Michael; Aura Tortosa, J. Emili; Garcia-Puchol, Oreto; Riel-Salvatore, Julien G.; Gauthier, Nicolas; Vadillo Conesa, Margarita; Pothier Bouchard, Geneviève.

In: Quaternary Science Reviews, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barton, CM, Aura Tortosa, JE, Garcia-Puchol, O, Riel-Salvatore, JG, Gauthier, N, Vadillo Conesa, M & Pothier Bouchard, G 2017, 'Risk and resilience in the late glacial: A case study from the western Mediterranean', Quaternary Science Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.09.015
Barton, C Michael ; Aura Tortosa, J. Emili ; Garcia-Puchol, Oreto ; Riel-Salvatore, Julien G. ; Gauthier, Nicolas ; Vadillo Conesa, Margarita ; Pothier Bouchard, Geneviève. / Risk and resilience in the late glacial : A case study from the western Mediterranean. In: Quaternary Science Reviews. 2017.
@article{9270ca7fc4834aaf9a041689c7c61da5,
title = "Risk and resilience in the late glacial: A case study from the western Mediterranean",
abstract = "The period spanning the Last Glacial Maximum through early Holocene encompasses dramatic and rapid environmental changes that offered both increased risk and new opportunities to human populations of the Mediterranean zone. The regional effects of global climate change varied spatially with latitude, topography, and distance from a shifting coastline; and human adaptations to these changes played out at these regional scales. To better understand the spatial and temporal dynamics of climate change and human social-ecological-technological systems (or SETS) during the transition from full glacial to interglacial, we carried out a meta-analysis of archaeological and paleoenvironmental datasets across the western Mediterranean region. We compiled information on prehistoric technology, land-use, and hunting strategies from 291 archaeological assemblages, recovered from 122 sites extending from southern Spain, through Mediterranean France, to northern and peninsular Italy, as well as 2,386 radiocarbon dates from across this region. We combine these data on human ecological dynamics with paleoenvironmental information derived from global climate models, proxy data, and estimates of coastlines modeled from sea level estimates and digital terrain. The LGM represents an ecologically predictable period for over much of the western Mediterranean, while the remainder of the Pleistocene was increasingly unpredictable, making it a period of increased ecological risk for hunter-gatherers. In response to increasing spatial and temporal uncertainty, hunter-gatherers reorganized different constituents of their SETS, allowing regional populations to adapt to these conditions up to a point. Beyond this threshold, rapid environmental change resulted in significant demographic change in Mediterranean hunter-gatherer populations.",
keywords = "Adaptation, Archaeology, Demography, Environmental uncertainty, Human ecology, Hunter-gatherers, Paleoclimate models, Paleolithic, Pleistocene-Holocene, Western Mediterranean",
author = "Barton, {C Michael} and {Aura Tortosa}, {J. Emili} and Oreto Garcia-Puchol and Riel-Salvatore, {Julien G.} and Nicolas Gauthier and {Vadillo Conesa}, Margarita and {Pothier Bouchard}, Genevi{\`e}ve",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.09.015",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Quaternary Science Reviews",
issn = "0277-3791",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk and resilience in the late glacial

T2 - A case study from the western Mediterranean

AU - Barton, C Michael

AU - Aura Tortosa, J. Emili

AU - Garcia-Puchol, Oreto

AU - Riel-Salvatore, Julien G.

AU - Gauthier, Nicolas

AU - Vadillo Conesa, Margarita

AU - Pothier Bouchard, Geneviève

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The period spanning the Last Glacial Maximum through early Holocene encompasses dramatic and rapid environmental changes that offered both increased risk and new opportunities to human populations of the Mediterranean zone. The regional effects of global climate change varied spatially with latitude, topography, and distance from a shifting coastline; and human adaptations to these changes played out at these regional scales. To better understand the spatial and temporal dynamics of climate change and human social-ecological-technological systems (or SETS) during the transition from full glacial to interglacial, we carried out a meta-analysis of archaeological and paleoenvironmental datasets across the western Mediterranean region. We compiled information on prehistoric technology, land-use, and hunting strategies from 291 archaeological assemblages, recovered from 122 sites extending from southern Spain, through Mediterranean France, to northern and peninsular Italy, as well as 2,386 radiocarbon dates from across this region. We combine these data on human ecological dynamics with paleoenvironmental information derived from global climate models, proxy data, and estimates of coastlines modeled from sea level estimates and digital terrain. The LGM represents an ecologically predictable period for over much of the western Mediterranean, while the remainder of the Pleistocene was increasingly unpredictable, making it a period of increased ecological risk for hunter-gatherers. In response to increasing spatial and temporal uncertainty, hunter-gatherers reorganized different constituents of their SETS, allowing regional populations to adapt to these conditions up to a point. Beyond this threshold, rapid environmental change resulted in significant demographic change in Mediterranean hunter-gatherer populations.

AB - The period spanning the Last Glacial Maximum through early Holocene encompasses dramatic and rapid environmental changes that offered both increased risk and new opportunities to human populations of the Mediterranean zone. The regional effects of global climate change varied spatially with latitude, topography, and distance from a shifting coastline; and human adaptations to these changes played out at these regional scales. To better understand the spatial and temporal dynamics of climate change and human social-ecological-technological systems (or SETS) during the transition from full glacial to interglacial, we carried out a meta-analysis of archaeological and paleoenvironmental datasets across the western Mediterranean region. We compiled information on prehistoric technology, land-use, and hunting strategies from 291 archaeological assemblages, recovered from 122 sites extending from southern Spain, through Mediterranean France, to northern and peninsular Italy, as well as 2,386 radiocarbon dates from across this region. We combine these data on human ecological dynamics with paleoenvironmental information derived from global climate models, proxy data, and estimates of coastlines modeled from sea level estimates and digital terrain. The LGM represents an ecologically predictable period for over much of the western Mediterranean, while the remainder of the Pleistocene was increasingly unpredictable, making it a period of increased ecological risk for hunter-gatherers. In response to increasing spatial and temporal uncertainty, hunter-gatherers reorganized different constituents of their SETS, allowing regional populations to adapt to these conditions up to a point. Beyond this threshold, rapid environmental change resulted in significant demographic change in Mediterranean hunter-gatherer populations.

KW - Adaptation

KW - Archaeology

KW - Demography

KW - Environmental uncertainty

KW - Human ecology

KW - Hunter-gatherers

KW - Paleoclimate models

KW - Paleolithic

KW - Pleistocene-Holocene

KW - Western Mediterranean

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85031492873&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85031492873&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.09.015

DO - 10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.09.015

M3 - Article

JO - Quaternary Science Reviews

JF - Quaternary Science Reviews

SN - 0277-3791

ER -