Risk analysis and safety evaluation of biomass cookstoves

Nathan Johnson, Mark Bryden, Angran Xiao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Combustion of biomass in open fires and ad hoc unventilated stoves is the primary form of household energy for two to three billion people worldwide. These cookstoves have significant health, social, and economic impacts on poor families in developing countries. These impacts include disease, injury, excess time spent gathering fuel, deforestation, and high fuel costs relative to income. In an attempt to address many of these problems numerous non-governmental organizations have developed several biomass cookstove designs in the past five to ten years. These designs have generally focused on increasing fuel efficiency, and to a lesser degree, reducing particulate emissions. This emphasis has been driven largely by the availability of relatively straight forward fuel efficiency tests for biomass cookstoves developed 10-20 years ago and the ability of researchers to adapt current air pollution testing methods for stoves. In contrast there are no safety standards or hazard evaluations available for biomass cookstoves. Because of this the safety of the cookstove is seldom explicitly considered as a part of the design process. This paper addresses the basic safety issues that should be considered in the design of biomass stoves used in developing countries, describes the reasoning behind these safety issues, and proposes a set of safety guidelines for testing and evaluating stove safety. These guidelines are intended for testing and evaluating in the field as well as in the design lab.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEngineering/Technology Management 2005: Safety Engineering and Risk Analysis, Technology and Society, Engineering Business Management, Health and Safety
Pages185-192
Number of pages8
Volume2005
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes
Event2005 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Nov 5 2005Nov 11 2005

Other

Other2005 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL
Period11/5/0511/11/05

Fingerprint

Risk analysis
Stoves
Biomass
Developing countries
Testing
Deforestation
Particulate emissions
Spent fuels
Air pollution
Hazards
Fires
Health
Availability
Economics
Costs

Keywords

  • Biomass Cookstove
  • Design
  • Household Energy
  • Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Johnson, N., Bryden, M., & Xiao, A. (2005). Risk analysis and safety evaluation of biomass cookstoves. In Engineering/Technology Management 2005: Safety Engineering and Risk Analysis, Technology and Society, Engineering Business Management, Health and Safety (Vol. 2005, pp. 185-192) https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2005-82112

Risk analysis and safety evaluation of biomass cookstoves. / Johnson, Nathan; Bryden, Mark; Xiao, Angran.

Engineering/Technology Management 2005: Safety Engineering and Risk Analysis, Technology and Society, Engineering Business Management, Health and Safety. Vol. 2005 2005. p. 185-192.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Johnson, N, Bryden, M & Xiao, A 2005, Risk analysis and safety evaluation of biomass cookstoves. in Engineering/Technology Management 2005: Safety Engineering and Risk Analysis, Technology and Society, Engineering Business Management, Health and Safety. vol. 2005, pp. 185-192, 2005 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Orlando, FL, United States, 11/5/05. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2005-82112
Johnson N, Bryden M, Xiao A. Risk analysis and safety evaluation of biomass cookstoves. In Engineering/Technology Management 2005: Safety Engineering and Risk Analysis, Technology and Society, Engineering Business Management, Health and Safety. Vol. 2005. 2005. p. 185-192 https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2005-82112
Johnson, Nathan ; Bryden, Mark ; Xiao, Angran. / Risk analysis and safety evaluation of biomass cookstoves. Engineering/Technology Management 2005: Safety Engineering and Risk Analysis, Technology and Society, Engineering Business Management, Health and Safety. Vol. 2005 2005. pp. 185-192
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