Ringwoodite growth rates from olivine with ~75ppmw H2O

Metastable olivine must be nearly anhydrous to exist in the mantle transition zone

Wyatt L. Du Frane, Thomas Sharp, Jed L. Mosenfelder, Kurt Leinenweber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been previously demonstrated that as little as 300ppmw H2O increases wadsleyite and ringwoodite growth rates to magnitudes that are inconsistent with the metastable olivine hypothesis. To further test this hypothesis, we present new ringwoodite growth rate measurements from olivine with ~75ppmw H2O at 18GPa and 700, 900, and 1100°C. These growth rates are nearly identical to those from olivine with ~300ppmw H2O, and significantly higher than those from nominally anhydrous olivine. We infer that transformation of olivine with 75-300ppmw H2O is primarily enhanced by hydrolytic weakening of reaction rims, which reduces the elastic strain-energy barrier to growth. We present a new method for fitting non-linear nominally anhydrous data, to demonstrate that reduction of growth rates by elastic strain energy is an additional requirement for metastable olivine. Based on previous thermokinetic modeling, these enhanced growth rates are inconsistent with the persistence of metastable olivine wedges into the mantle transition zone. Metastable persistence of olivine into the mantle transition-zone would therefore require <75ppmw H2O.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
Volume219
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013

Fingerprint

ringwoodite
olivine
transition zone
Earth mantle
mantle
persistence
wadsleyite
rims
wedges
energy
requirements

Keywords

  • Growth rates
  • Hydrogen
  • Mantle
  • Olivine
  • Ringwoodite
  • Subduction
  • Transformation Kinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

@article{956afa4ecff04eed98324d61dca176e2,
title = "Ringwoodite growth rates from olivine with ~75ppmw H2O: Metastable olivine must be nearly anhydrous to exist in the mantle transition zone",
abstract = "It has been previously demonstrated that as little as 300ppmw H2O increases wadsleyite and ringwoodite growth rates to magnitudes that are inconsistent with the metastable olivine hypothesis. To further test this hypothesis, we present new ringwoodite growth rate measurements from olivine with ~75ppmw H2O at 18GPa and 700, 900, and 1100°C. These growth rates are nearly identical to those from olivine with ~300ppmw H2O, and significantly higher than those from nominally anhydrous olivine. We infer that transformation of olivine with 75-300ppmw H2O is primarily enhanced by hydrolytic weakening of reaction rims, which reduces the elastic strain-energy barrier to growth. We present a new method for fitting non-linear nominally anhydrous data, to demonstrate that reduction of growth rates by elastic strain energy is an additional requirement for metastable olivine. Based on previous thermokinetic modeling, these enhanced growth rates are inconsistent with the persistence of metastable olivine wedges into the mantle transition zone. Metastable persistence of olivine into the mantle transition-zone would therefore require <75ppmw H2O.",
keywords = "Growth rates, Hydrogen, Mantle, Olivine, Ringwoodite, Subduction, Transformation Kinetics",
author = "{Du Frane}, {Wyatt L.} and Thomas Sharp and Mosenfelder, {Jed L.} and Kurt Leinenweber",
year = "2013",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1016/j.pepi.2013.04.001",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "219",
pages = "1--10",
journal = "Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors",
issn = "0031-9201",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ringwoodite growth rates from olivine with ~75ppmw H2O

T2 - Metastable olivine must be nearly anhydrous to exist in the mantle transition zone

AU - Du Frane, Wyatt L.

AU - Sharp, Thomas

AU - Mosenfelder, Jed L.

AU - Leinenweber, Kurt

PY - 2013/6

Y1 - 2013/6

N2 - It has been previously demonstrated that as little as 300ppmw H2O increases wadsleyite and ringwoodite growth rates to magnitudes that are inconsistent with the metastable olivine hypothesis. To further test this hypothesis, we present new ringwoodite growth rate measurements from olivine with ~75ppmw H2O at 18GPa and 700, 900, and 1100°C. These growth rates are nearly identical to those from olivine with ~300ppmw H2O, and significantly higher than those from nominally anhydrous olivine. We infer that transformation of olivine with 75-300ppmw H2O is primarily enhanced by hydrolytic weakening of reaction rims, which reduces the elastic strain-energy barrier to growth. We present a new method for fitting non-linear nominally anhydrous data, to demonstrate that reduction of growth rates by elastic strain energy is an additional requirement for metastable olivine. Based on previous thermokinetic modeling, these enhanced growth rates are inconsistent with the persistence of metastable olivine wedges into the mantle transition zone. Metastable persistence of olivine into the mantle transition-zone would therefore require <75ppmw H2O.

AB - It has been previously demonstrated that as little as 300ppmw H2O increases wadsleyite and ringwoodite growth rates to magnitudes that are inconsistent with the metastable olivine hypothesis. To further test this hypothesis, we present new ringwoodite growth rate measurements from olivine with ~75ppmw H2O at 18GPa and 700, 900, and 1100°C. These growth rates are nearly identical to those from olivine with ~300ppmw H2O, and significantly higher than those from nominally anhydrous olivine. We infer that transformation of olivine with 75-300ppmw H2O is primarily enhanced by hydrolytic weakening of reaction rims, which reduces the elastic strain-energy barrier to growth. We present a new method for fitting non-linear nominally anhydrous data, to demonstrate that reduction of growth rates by elastic strain energy is an additional requirement for metastable olivine. Based on previous thermokinetic modeling, these enhanced growth rates are inconsistent with the persistence of metastable olivine wedges into the mantle transition zone. Metastable persistence of olivine into the mantle transition-zone would therefore require <75ppmw H2O.

KW - Growth rates

KW - Hydrogen

KW - Mantle

KW - Olivine

KW - Ringwoodite

KW - Subduction

KW - Transformation Kinetics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84878171197&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84878171197&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.pepi.2013.04.001

DO - 10.1016/j.pepi.2013.04.001

M3 - Article

VL - 219

SP - 1

EP - 10

JO - Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors

JF - Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors

SN - 0031-9201

ER -