We have determined the atomic structure of the Si(111)-(7× 7)Co surface using scanning tunneling microscopy and ion scattering. The unit cell contains one surface substitutional cobalt atom centered under a six silicon adatom cluster. High-temperature annealing produces a low density lattice gas of these ringlike clusters, giving rise to an impurity stabilized 1×1 structure. They occur for several other transition metals, suggesting a stable, universal, silicide related structure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)