Electron energy loss inner shell near edge structures within about 30 eV of threshold can give information on charge redistribution, conduction band changes, coordination and structure changes on a local scale. A theoretical understanding is necessary to go beyond empirical rules based on fingerprinting. All approaches to near edge structure calculation in solids are derived from various band theory methods with varying degrees of approximation. There is a place for theories based on simple physical ideas as well as large sophisticated calculations. In many oxides estimates of the number of peaks and their positions can be based on an extension of single scattering EXAFS theory to include strong second order intrashell scattering. These effects will be illustrated in MgO and NiO. In other cases it is necessary to use band structure calculations to give either projected densities of states or wave functions from which matrix elements can be calculated directly. Examples of this approach will show results of calculations for Si, diamond and SiC using the Cambridge plane wave pseudopotential code (CASTEP).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics