Colanic Acid (CA) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) are two major mannose-containing extracellular polysaccharides of Salmonella. Their presence on the bacterial surface can mask conserved protective outer membrane proteins (OMPs) from the host immune system. The mannose moiety in these molecules is derived from GDP-mannose, which is synthesized in several steps. The first two steps require the action of phosphomannose isomerase, encoded by pmi (manA), followed by phosphomannomutase, encoded by manB. There are two copies of manB present in the Salmonella chromosome, one located in the cps gene cluster (cpsG) responsible for CA synthesis, and the other in the rfb gene cluster (rfbK) involved in LPS O-antigen synthesis. In this study, it was demonstrated that the products of cpsG and rfbK are isozymes. To evaluate the impact of these genes on O-antigen synthesis, virulence and immunogenicity, single mutations (Δpmi, ΔrfbK or ΔcpsG) and a double mutation (ΔrfbK ΔcpsG) were introduced into both wild-type Salmonella enterica and an attenuated Δcya Δcrp vaccine strain. The Δpmi, ΔrfbK and ΔcpsG ΔrfbK mutants were defective in LPS synthesis and attenuated for virulence. In orally inoculated mice, strain S122 (Δcrp Δcya ΔcpsG ΔrfbK) and its parent S738 (Δcrp Δcya) were both avirulent and colonized internal tissues. Strain S122 elicited higher levels of anti-S. Typhimurium OMP serum IgG than its parent strain. Mice immunized with S122 were completely protected against challenge with wild-type virulent S. Typhimurium and partially protected against challenge with either wild-type virulent S. Choleraesuis or S. Enteritidis. These data indicate that deletions in rfbK and cpsG are useful mutations for inclusion in future attenuated Salmonella vaccine strains to induce cross-protective immunity.
- Colanic acid
- Live attenuated Salmonella vaccine
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases