A diffusible substance, α factor, is produced constitutively by haploid yeast cells of α mating type and this factor specifically inhibits the division of a mating type cells. Experiments are presented which demonstrate that α factor arrests a cells as unbudded, mononucleate cells prior to the initiation of DNA synthesis in the cell cycle. Studies with temperature-sensitive mutants defective in one of thirteen different cell cycle functions suggest that although arrested a cells continue to enlarge they do not perform functions required for the next cell cycle. The arrest is reversible and a partially synchronized round of DNA replication is observed upon removal of α factor from arrested cells. We propose that this factor is one element of a regulatory system that functions to assure the synchronization of a and α haploid cell cycles prior to conjugation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology