Results from the Palo Verde neutrino oscillation experiment

F. Boehm, J. Busenitz, B. Cook, G. Gratta, H. Henrikson, J. Kornis, D. Lawrence, K. B. Lee, K. McKinny, L. Miller, V. Novikov, A. Piepke, Barry Ritchie, D. Tracy, P. Vogel, Y. F. Wang, J. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

180 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ν̄e flux and spectrum have been measured at a distance of about 800 m from the reactors of the Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station using a segmented Gd-loaded liquid scintillator detector. Correlated positron-neutron events from the reaction ν̄ep-→e+n were recorded for a period of 200 d including 55 d with one of the three reactors off for refueling. Backgrounds were accounted for by making use of the reactor-on and reactor-off cycles, and also with a novel technique based on the difference between signal and background under reversal of the e+ and n portions of the events. A detailed description of the detector calibration, background subtraction, and data analysis is presented here. Results from the experiment show no evidence for neutrino oscillations. ν̄e→ν̄x oscillations were excluded at 90% C.L. for Δm2>1.12×10-3 eV2 for full mixing and sin22θ>0.21 for large Δm2. These results support the conclusion that the observed atmospheric neutrino oscillations do not involve νe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number072002
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume62
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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    Boehm, F., Busenitz, J., Cook, B., Gratta, G., Henrikson, H., Kornis, J., Lawrence, D., Lee, K. B., McKinny, K., Miller, L., Novikov, V., Piepke, A., Ritchie, B., Tracy, D., Vogel, P., Wang, Y. F., & Wolf, J. (2000). Results from the Palo Verde neutrino oscillation experiment. Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 62(7), 1-18. [072002].