Resilience in a community sample of children of alcoholics

Its prevalence and relation to internalizing symptomatology and positive affect

Adam C. Carle, Laurie Chassin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Data from an ongoing longitudinal study examined resilience (competent performance under adverse conditions) in a community sample of children of alcoholics (COAs n = 216) and matched controls (n = 201). The study examined the prevalence of competence and whether the relation of competence to internalizing and positive affect differed for COAs and controls. COAs were less likely to be highly competent in the conduct/rule-abiding and academic domains and more likely to be low competent. Controlling for previous levels of internalizing, highly competent children in the conduct/rule-abiding and overall competence domains endorsed significantly lower levels of internalizing symptomatology. For the social, conduct/rule-abiding, and overall competence domains, competence was associated with increased positive affect. The relation between competence and internalizing, and competence and positive affect did not differ for COAs and controls. Results suggested that behavioral resilience is not associated with psychological costs but is associated with decreased internalizing and increased positive affect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)577-595
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Applied Developmental Psychology
Volume25
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2004

Fingerprint

Alcoholics
alcoholism
Mental Competency
resilience
community
Longitudinal Studies
longitudinal study
Cross-Sectional Studies
Psychology
Costs and Cost Analysis
costs
performance

Keywords

  • Adjustment
  • At risk populations
  • Children of alcoholics
  • Competence
  • Resilience (psychological)
  • Well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Education

Cite this

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