Residual + capsule networks (RESCAP) for simultaneous single-channel overlapped keyword recognition

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Overlapped speech poses a significant problem in a variety of applications in speech processing including speaker identification, speaker diarization, and speech recognition among others. To address it, existing systems combine source separation with algorithms for processing non-overlapped speech (e.g. source separation + follow-on speech recognition). In this paper we propose a modified network architecture to simultaneously recognize keywords from overlapped speech without explicitly having to perform source separation. We build our network by adding capsule layers to a ResNet architecture that has shown state-of-the-art performance on a traditional keyword recognition task. We evaluate the model on a series of 10-word overlapped keyword recognition experiments, using speaker dependent and speaker independent training. Results indicate that Residual + Capsule (ResCap) network shows marked improvement in recognizing overlapped speech, especially in experiments where there is a mismatch in the number of overlapped speakers between the training set and the test set.

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Keywords

  • Capsule networks
  • Keyword spotting
  • Overlapped speech
  • Recognition
  • Residual networks
  • ResNet
  • Speech recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Signal Processing
  • Software
  • Modeling and Simulation

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