Residential mobility and resource use in the Chiribaya polity of southern Peru: Strontium isotope analysis of Archaeological tooth enamel and bone

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34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Chiribaya were a complex polity during the Andean Late Intermediate Period (c. AD 1000-1300) in the Ilo and Moquegua Valleys of southern Peru. Recent research has demonstrated that the Chiribaya polity was a señorío, a confederacy of economically specialised parcialidades. Here we test hypotheses regarding the movement of individuals and resources among the Chiribaya-affiliated sites of Chiribaya Alta, Chiribaya Baja, San Gerónimo and El Yaral, as well as from outside of the Ilo and Moquegua Valleys. Although archaeological human enamel and bone strontium isotope ratios from Chiribaya Baja and San Gerónimo cluster closely, there is a wider variety of strontium isotope ratios observed at Chiribaya Alta and El Yaral. This indicates that individuals buried in cemeteries at these sites had access to a wider variety of resources, and probably moved between different geological zones throughout their lifetimes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-580
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Osteoarchaeology
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2007

Fingerprint

Peru
cemetery
resources
Polity
Chiribaya
Strontium Isotope Analysis
Residential Mobility
Resources
Tooth Enamel
Archaeology

Keywords

  • Andes
  • Bone chemistry
  • Migration
  • Palaeodiet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anthropology
  • Archaeology

Cite this

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