Repulsion or attraction? Group membership and assumed attitude similarity

Fang Fang Chen, Douglas T. Kenrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

73 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three studies investigated group membership effects on similarity-attraction and dissimilarity-repulsion. Membership in an in-group versus out-group was expected to create initially different levels of assumed attitude similarity. In 3 studies, ratings made after participants learned about the target's attitudes were compared with initial attraction based only on knowing target's group membership. Group membership was based on political affiliation in Study 1 and on sexual orientation in Study 2. Study 3 crossed political affiliation with target's obnoxiousness. Attitude dissimilarity produced stronger repulsion effects for in-group than for out-group members in all studies. Attitude similarity produced greater increments in attraction for political out-group members but not for targets with a stigmatic sexual orientation or personality characteristic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-125
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume83
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

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group membership
outgroup
Sexual Behavior
sexual orientation
Personality
target group
study group
personality
Group
rating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Repulsion or attraction? Group membership and assumed attitude similarity. / Chen, Fang Fang; Kenrick, Douglas T.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 83, No. 1, 01.01.2002, p. 111-125.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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