Renewable natural gas in California: An assessment of the technical and economic potential

Nathan Parker, Robert Williams, Rosa Dominguez-Faus, Daniel Scheitrum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Renewable natural gas has the potential to diversify and decarbonize natural gas as a transportation fuel. Biomethane, a subset of renewable natural gas, is produced from a range of waste sources that are distributed across the landscape with uneven access to natural gas infrastructure. Using a spatially explicit techno-economic model of renewable natural gas supply in California, we develop supply curves for producing renewable natural gas and delivering it to California's transportation fuels market in order to estimate the economic potential. The gross potential is 90 bcf per year (94.5 PJ/yr), which is larger than the 17 bcf per year (18 PJ/yr) of natural gas consumed as transportation fuel in California in 2016. Seventy-five percent of the resource is estimated to be economic if the value of existing policy credits are fully capitalized, resulting in 6.9 million Low Carbon Fuel Standard credits. Renewable natural gas provides an economically viable option for methane emission reduction for a quarter of dairy manure in the state. The results suggest that renewable natural gas can play a significant role in meeting low carbon fuel policies in California and that expansion of demand for natural gas in transportation is needed to fully realize this potential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-245
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume111
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Fingerprint

natural gas
Natural gas
Economics
economics
Carbon
Gas supply
gas supply
Dairies
Manures
carbon
manure
Methane
methane
infrastructure
market
resource

Keywords

  • Biogas
  • Biomethane
  • Low carbon fuels
  • Renewable Fuel Standard
  • Spatially explicit techno-economic analysis
  • Supply curve

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Renewable natural gas in California : An assessment of the technical and economic potential. / Parker, Nathan; Williams, Robert; Dominguez-Faus, Rosa; Scheitrum, Daniel.

In: Energy Policy, Vol. 111, 01.12.2017, p. 235-245.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Parker, Nathan ; Williams, Robert ; Dominguez-Faus, Rosa ; Scheitrum, Daniel. / Renewable natural gas in California : An assessment of the technical and economic potential. In: Energy Policy. 2017 ; Vol. 111. pp. 235-245.
@article{273309b0f5524cef8e7d27f054ad3f55,
title = "Renewable natural gas in California: An assessment of the technical and economic potential",
abstract = "Renewable natural gas has the potential to diversify and decarbonize natural gas as a transportation fuel. Biomethane, a subset of renewable natural gas, is produced from a range of waste sources that are distributed across the landscape with uneven access to natural gas infrastructure. Using a spatially explicit techno-economic model of renewable natural gas supply in California, we develop supply curves for producing renewable natural gas and delivering it to California's transportation fuels market in order to estimate the economic potential. The gross potential is 90 bcf per year (94.5 PJ/yr), which is larger than the 17 bcf per year (18 PJ/yr) of natural gas consumed as transportation fuel in California in 2016. Seventy-five percent of the resource is estimated to be economic if the value of existing policy credits are fully capitalized, resulting in 6.9 million Low Carbon Fuel Standard credits. Renewable natural gas provides an economically viable option for methane emission reduction for a quarter of dairy manure in the state. The results suggest that renewable natural gas can play a significant role in meeting low carbon fuel policies in California and that expansion of demand for natural gas in transportation is needed to fully realize this potential.",
keywords = "Biogas, Biomethane, Low carbon fuels, Renewable Fuel Standard, Spatially explicit techno-economic analysis, Supply curve",
author = "Nathan Parker and Robert Williams and Rosa Dominguez-Faus and Daniel Scheitrum",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.enpol.2017.09.034",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "111",
pages = "235--245",
journal = "Energy Policy",
issn = "0301-4215",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Renewable natural gas in California

T2 - An assessment of the technical and economic potential

AU - Parker, Nathan

AU - Williams, Robert

AU - Dominguez-Faus, Rosa

AU - Scheitrum, Daniel

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - Renewable natural gas has the potential to diversify and decarbonize natural gas as a transportation fuel. Biomethane, a subset of renewable natural gas, is produced from a range of waste sources that are distributed across the landscape with uneven access to natural gas infrastructure. Using a spatially explicit techno-economic model of renewable natural gas supply in California, we develop supply curves for producing renewable natural gas and delivering it to California's transportation fuels market in order to estimate the economic potential. The gross potential is 90 bcf per year (94.5 PJ/yr), which is larger than the 17 bcf per year (18 PJ/yr) of natural gas consumed as transportation fuel in California in 2016. Seventy-five percent of the resource is estimated to be economic if the value of existing policy credits are fully capitalized, resulting in 6.9 million Low Carbon Fuel Standard credits. Renewable natural gas provides an economically viable option for methane emission reduction for a quarter of dairy manure in the state. The results suggest that renewable natural gas can play a significant role in meeting low carbon fuel policies in California and that expansion of demand for natural gas in transportation is needed to fully realize this potential.

AB - Renewable natural gas has the potential to diversify and decarbonize natural gas as a transportation fuel. Biomethane, a subset of renewable natural gas, is produced from a range of waste sources that are distributed across the landscape with uneven access to natural gas infrastructure. Using a spatially explicit techno-economic model of renewable natural gas supply in California, we develop supply curves for producing renewable natural gas and delivering it to California's transportation fuels market in order to estimate the economic potential. The gross potential is 90 bcf per year (94.5 PJ/yr), which is larger than the 17 bcf per year (18 PJ/yr) of natural gas consumed as transportation fuel in California in 2016. Seventy-five percent of the resource is estimated to be economic if the value of existing policy credits are fully capitalized, resulting in 6.9 million Low Carbon Fuel Standard credits. Renewable natural gas provides an economically viable option for methane emission reduction for a quarter of dairy manure in the state. The results suggest that renewable natural gas can play a significant role in meeting low carbon fuel policies in California and that expansion of demand for natural gas in transportation is needed to fully realize this potential.

KW - Biogas

KW - Biomethane

KW - Low carbon fuels

KW - Renewable Fuel Standard

KW - Spatially explicit techno-economic analysis

KW - Supply curve

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85033552543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85033552543&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.enpol.2017.09.034

DO - 10.1016/j.enpol.2017.09.034

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85033552543

VL - 111

SP - 235

EP - 245

JO - Energy Policy

JF - Energy Policy

SN - 0301-4215

ER -