Religious denomination, religious involvement, and modern contraceptive use in southern Mozambique

Victor Agadjanian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The relationship between contraceptive use and religion remains a subject of considerable debate. This article argues that this relationship is rooted in context-specific institutional and organizational aspects of religious belonging and involvement. Drawing upon unique recent data from a population-based survey of women conducted in a predominantly Christian high-fertility area of Mozambique, this study examines the connections between religion and contraception from two complementary angles. First, differences in current use of modern contraceptives across main denominational groups are analyzed. The results show higher prevalence of modern contraceptive use among Catholics and, to a lesser extent, traditional Protestants net of other individual- and community-level factors. Second, an analysis of religious involvement reveals that frequent church attendance has a net positive association with modern contraceptive use regardless of denominational affiliation. These findings are situated within the historical context of religious, demographic, and socio-political dynamics of Mozambique and similar sub-Saharan settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-274
Number of pages16
JournalStudies in Family Planning
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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