Relevance and values of Gandhi’s and Bacha Khan’s moral education in negotiating/addressing situated disparities of South Asia

Uttaran Dutta, Syed Rashid Ali, Nizar Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Focusing on the contemporary conflicts and social political complexities of South Asia (specifically, India and Pakistan), this paper explores the roles and relevance of Gandhi’s and Bacha Khan’s moral education in negotiating/addressing the situated disparities. Drawing from the words and wisdom of Gandhi and Bacha Khan, this paper examines identity issues particularly in the context of (i) gender (disparities and struggles of women (and girls) in the society); (ii) age (situation and contributions of youths and elderly people in bringing about changes); (iii) class (including occupational and caste-based complexities and their negotiations); (iv) ethnicity (struggles of indigenous populations in overcoming situated adversities); (v) religion (tensions and acts of negotiating religious orthodoxies towards creating more secular society); and (vi) regional identities (roles of regional identities in fostering local development). Grounded in their philosophies and pedagogies, the paper discusses the contributions of the two visionaries and their epistemologies/ideologies in studying and/or addressing the issues of contemporary world. This scholarship seems particularly important today when dominant sociopolitical and religious institutions and their agendas often do not value (if not oppose) such moral education, which potentially affects the lives of South Asian populations at large.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108
JournalEducation Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019



  • Bacha Khan
  • Gandhi
  • Identity
  • Moral education
  • South Asia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Public Administration

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