Relationship between sustained, orientated, divided, and selective attention and simulated aviation performance: Training & pressure effects

Robert Gray, James Gaska, Marc Winterbottom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study examined how different characteristics of visual attention are related to flying ability. Eighty participants completed one of four attentional tests designed to assess sustained attention (SUSTAIN), attentional orienting (ORIENT), divided attention (DIVIDE) or selective attention (SELECT). Median splits were used to create low and high groups. After completing training, participants executed simulated landings under conditions of high anxiety. For the DIVIDE test, there were significant group differences in: (i) landing ability after training and (ii) the effects of anxiety. The high DIVIDE group had lower root mean square (RMS) errors at the end of training and were less affected by anxiety as compared to the low DIVIDE group. For the ORIENT and SELECT tests, there were significant group effects for training but not for anxiety. The high groups for these tests displayed lower RMS errors following training. There were no group differences for the SUSTAIN test. The results suggest that a test of divided attention may be useful for operational assessment of pilots.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)34-42
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Fingerprint

Aviation
Pressure
Anxiety
Aptitude

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Attentional control
  • Aviation
  • Visual testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

@article{c217914a85d04851bb6d72cb54e73e3c,
title = "Relationship between sustained, orientated, divided, and selective attention and simulated aviation performance: Training & pressure effects",
abstract = "The present study examined how different characteristics of visual attention are related to flying ability. Eighty participants completed one of four attentional tests designed to assess sustained attention (SUSTAIN), attentional orienting (ORIENT), divided attention (DIVIDE) or selective attention (SELECT). Median splits were used to create low and high groups. After completing training, participants executed simulated landings under conditions of high anxiety. For the DIVIDE test, there were significant group differences in: (i) landing ability after training and (ii) the effects of anxiety. The high DIVIDE group had lower root mean square (RMS) errors at the end of training and were less affected by anxiety as compared to the low DIVIDE group. For the ORIENT and SELECT tests, there were significant group effects for training but not for anxiety. The high groups for these tests displayed lower RMS errors following training. There were no group differences for the SUSTAIN test. The results suggest that a test of divided attention may be useful for operational assessment of pilots.",
keywords = "Anxiety, Attentional control, Aviation, Visual testing",
author = "Robert Gray and James Gaska and Marc Winterbottom",
year = "2016",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jarmac.2015.11.005",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "34--42",
journal = "Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition",
issn = "2211-3681",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationship between sustained, orientated, divided, and selective attention and simulated aviation performance

T2 - Training & pressure effects

AU - Gray, Robert

AU - Gaska, James

AU - Winterbottom, Marc

PY - 2016/3/1

Y1 - 2016/3/1

N2 - The present study examined how different characteristics of visual attention are related to flying ability. Eighty participants completed one of four attentional tests designed to assess sustained attention (SUSTAIN), attentional orienting (ORIENT), divided attention (DIVIDE) or selective attention (SELECT). Median splits were used to create low and high groups. After completing training, participants executed simulated landings under conditions of high anxiety. For the DIVIDE test, there were significant group differences in: (i) landing ability after training and (ii) the effects of anxiety. The high DIVIDE group had lower root mean square (RMS) errors at the end of training and were less affected by anxiety as compared to the low DIVIDE group. For the ORIENT and SELECT tests, there were significant group effects for training but not for anxiety. The high groups for these tests displayed lower RMS errors following training. There were no group differences for the SUSTAIN test. The results suggest that a test of divided attention may be useful for operational assessment of pilots.

AB - The present study examined how different characteristics of visual attention are related to flying ability. Eighty participants completed one of four attentional tests designed to assess sustained attention (SUSTAIN), attentional orienting (ORIENT), divided attention (DIVIDE) or selective attention (SELECT). Median splits were used to create low and high groups. After completing training, participants executed simulated landings under conditions of high anxiety. For the DIVIDE test, there were significant group differences in: (i) landing ability after training and (ii) the effects of anxiety. The high DIVIDE group had lower root mean square (RMS) errors at the end of training and were less affected by anxiety as compared to the low DIVIDE group. For the ORIENT and SELECT tests, there were significant group effects for training but not for anxiety. The high groups for these tests displayed lower RMS errors following training. There were no group differences for the SUSTAIN test. The results suggest that a test of divided attention may be useful for operational assessment of pilots.

KW - Anxiety

KW - Attentional control

KW - Aviation

KW - Visual testing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84960368970&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84960368970&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jarmac.2015.11.005

DO - 10.1016/j.jarmac.2015.11.005

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84960368970

VL - 5

SP - 34

EP - 42

JO - Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition

JF - Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition

SN - 2211-3681

IS - 1

ER -