Relationship among physical impairment, distress, and well-being in older adults

Alex J. Zautra, Barbara M. Maxwell, John W. Reich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The relationship between activity limitation and self-report on a variety of mental health measures was investigated through a longitudinal study of 124 noninstitutionalized older adults between 60 and 80 years of age, recruited either as recently disabled (N=62) or as a matched control (N=62). Fifty-five of these respondents (disabled, n=28; controls, n=27) selected persons who could be contacted to provide informant information. Results showed the relationship between disability and mental health measures to be highly significant and stable across time. Further older adults classified as severely disabled experienced higher levels of anxiety, suicidal ideation, and overall distress than did the moderately disabled participants. Evidence was found for reciprocal causal relationships between health and mental health. Informants' reports supported findings based on self-report.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-557
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1989

Keywords

  • elderly
  • physical disability
  • psychological distress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Relationship among physical impairment, distress, and well-being in older adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this