Relationship among physical impairment, distress, and well-being in older adults

Alex J. Zautra, Barbara M. Maxwell, John W. Reich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relationship between activity limitation and self-report on a variety of mental health measures was investigated through a longitudinal study of 124 noninstitutionalized older adults between 60 and 80 years of age, recruited either as recently disabled (N=62) or as a matched control (N=62). Fifty-five of these respondents (disabled, n=28; controls, n=27) selected persons who could be contacted to provide informant information. Results showed the relationship between disability and mental health measures to be highly significant and stable across time. Further older adults classified as severely disabled experienced higher levels of anxiety, suicidal ideation, and overall distress than did the moderately disabled participants. Evidence was found for reciprocal causal relationships between health and mental health. Informants' reports supported findings based on self-report.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-557
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1989

Fingerprint

Mental Health
Self Report
Suicidal Ideation
Longitudinal Studies
Anxiety
Health
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • elderly
  • physical disability
  • psychological distress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Relationship among physical impairment, distress, and well-being in older adults. / Zautra, Alex J.; Maxwell, Barbara M.; Reich, John W.

In: Journal of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 12, No. 6, 12.1989, p. 543-557.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zautra, Alex J. ; Maxwell, Barbara M. ; Reich, John W. / Relationship among physical impairment, distress, and well-being in older adults. In: Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 1989 ; Vol. 12, No. 6. pp. 543-557.
@article{66a193cd0aee4417afb77f6785b21c2f,
title = "Relationship among physical impairment, distress, and well-being in older adults",
abstract = "The relationship between activity limitation and self-report on a variety of mental health measures was investigated through a longitudinal study of 124 noninstitutionalized older adults between 60 and 80 years of age, recruited either as recently disabled (N=62) or as a matched control (N=62). Fifty-five of these respondents (disabled, n=28; controls, n=27) selected persons who could be contacted to provide informant information. Results showed the relationship between disability and mental health measures to be highly significant and stable across time. Further older adults classified as severely disabled experienced higher levels of anxiety, suicidal ideation, and overall distress than did the moderately disabled participants. Evidence was found for reciprocal causal relationships between health and mental health. Informants' reports supported findings based on self-report.",
keywords = "elderly, physical disability, psychological distress",
author = "Zautra, {Alex J.} and Maxwell, {Barbara M.} and Reich, {John W.}",
year = "1989",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1007/BF00844824",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
pages = "543--557",
journal = "Journal of Behavioral Medicine",
issn = "0160-7715",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationship among physical impairment, distress, and well-being in older adults

AU - Zautra, Alex J.

AU - Maxwell, Barbara M.

AU - Reich, John W.

PY - 1989/12

Y1 - 1989/12

N2 - The relationship between activity limitation and self-report on a variety of mental health measures was investigated through a longitudinal study of 124 noninstitutionalized older adults between 60 and 80 years of age, recruited either as recently disabled (N=62) or as a matched control (N=62). Fifty-five of these respondents (disabled, n=28; controls, n=27) selected persons who could be contacted to provide informant information. Results showed the relationship between disability and mental health measures to be highly significant and stable across time. Further older adults classified as severely disabled experienced higher levels of anxiety, suicidal ideation, and overall distress than did the moderately disabled participants. Evidence was found for reciprocal causal relationships between health and mental health. Informants' reports supported findings based on self-report.

AB - The relationship between activity limitation and self-report on a variety of mental health measures was investigated through a longitudinal study of 124 noninstitutionalized older adults between 60 and 80 years of age, recruited either as recently disabled (N=62) or as a matched control (N=62). Fifty-five of these respondents (disabled, n=28; controls, n=27) selected persons who could be contacted to provide informant information. Results showed the relationship between disability and mental health measures to be highly significant and stable across time. Further older adults classified as severely disabled experienced higher levels of anxiety, suicidal ideation, and overall distress than did the moderately disabled participants. Evidence was found for reciprocal causal relationships between health and mental health. Informants' reports supported findings based on self-report.

KW - elderly

KW - physical disability

KW - psychological distress

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024955039&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024955039&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF00844824

DO - 10.1007/BF00844824

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 543

EP - 557

JO - Journal of Behavioral Medicine

JF - Journal of Behavioral Medicine

SN - 0160-7715

IS - 6

ER -