Relations of temperament to maladjustment and Ego resiliency in at-risk children

Nancy Eisenberg, Rg Haugen, Tracy Spinrad, Claire Hofer, Laurie Chassin, Qing Zhou, Anne Kupfer, Cynthia L. Smith, Carlos Valiente, Jeffrey Liew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relations of control/regulation-related temperamentally based dispositions (effortful control (EC), impulsivity, and approach/avoidance) to externalizing problems and personality ego resiliency were examined in a sample of 467 children (M age = 7.46 years), some of whom were children of alcoholics (COAs). In addition, we examined if the relations of temperamental regulation/control to maladjustment/ego resiliency were moderated by COA status or sex of the child. In general, regulated, controlled temperament was negatively related to externalizing problems and EC was positively related to ego resiliency. Relations between a problematic temperament and externalizing problems were stronger and sometimes only found for COAs, especially male COAs. Ego resiliency was positively related to high father-reported approach for boys who were not sons of alcoholics. In addition, COA status was related to high impulsivity, approach behavior, and externalizing problems and low EC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)577-600
Number of pages24
JournalSocial Development
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010

Fingerprint

Temperament
Ego
Alcoholics
alcoholism
Impulsive Behavior
Choice Behavior
regulation
Nuclear Family
Fathers
disposition
Personality
personality
father

Keywords

  • Adjustment
  • Children of alcoholics
  • Emotion regulation
  • Temperament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Relations of temperament to maladjustment and Ego resiliency in at-risk children. / Eisenberg, Nancy; Haugen, Rg; Spinrad, Tracy; Hofer, Claire; Chassin, Laurie; Zhou, Qing; Kupfer, Anne; Smith, Cynthia L.; Valiente, Carlos; Liew, Jeffrey.

In: Social Development, Vol. 19, No. 3, 08.2010, p. 577-600.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Eisenberg, Nancy ; Haugen, Rg ; Spinrad, Tracy ; Hofer, Claire ; Chassin, Laurie ; Zhou, Qing ; Kupfer, Anne ; Smith, Cynthia L. ; Valiente, Carlos ; Liew, Jeffrey. / Relations of temperament to maladjustment and Ego resiliency in at-risk children. In: Social Development. 2010 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 577-600.
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