Reinforcing effects of cathinone NPS in the intravenous drug self-administration paradigm

Lucas R. Watterson, Michael Olive

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Since the mid-to late 2000s, there has been a dramatic rise in the use and abuse of synthetic derivatives of cathinone, a stimulant alkaloid found in the African shrub Catha edulis. Cathinone novel psychoactive substances (NPS), also referred to as synthetic cathinones or “bath salt”-type drugs, have gained popularity among drug users due to their potency, low cost, ease of procurement, and diverse array of evolving chemical structures. While the ability of cathinone NPS to produce psychotomimetic effects, multiple organ system toxicity, and death in humans is well documented, there has been limited scientific investigation into the reinforcing effects and abuse liability of these drugs. In this chapter, we will summarize the existing literature on the reinforcing effects of cathinone NPS in rodents using the intravenous self-administration (IVSA) paradigm. We will also compare the ability of cathinone NPS to serve as reinforcers to that of classical psychostimulants such as cocaine, methamphetamine, and methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). The chapter will conclude with a summary and indications for future avenues of research on cathinone NPS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCurrent Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages133-143
Number of pages11
Volume32
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 19 2016

Publication series

NameCurrent Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
Volume32
ISSN (Print)1866-3370
ISSN (Electronic)1866-3389

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Keywords

  • Animal model
  • Cathinone
  • Intravenous self-administration
  • Operant conditioning
  • Reinforcement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Watterson, L. R., & Olive, M. (2016). Reinforcing effects of cathinone NPS in the intravenous drug self-administration paradigm. In Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences (Vol. 32, pp. 133-143). (Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences; Vol. 32). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/7854_2016_33