This commentary suggests a generalization of the conception of the behavior of tutoring systems, which the target article characterized as having an outer loop that was executed once per task and an inner loop that was executed once per step of the task. A more general conception sees these two loops as instances of regulative loops, which repeatedly compare students' performances to a gold standard and give advice on how to bring that performance closer to the standard.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-112
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016



  • Assessment
  • Coaching
  • Computer supported collaborative learning
  • Intelligent tutoring systems
  • Mirroring
  • Self-regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Education

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