Photosynthetic organisms synthesize chlorophylls, hemes, and bilin pigments via a common tetrapyrrole biosynthetic pathway. This review summarizes current knowledge about the regulation of this pathway in plants, algae, and cyanobacteria. Particular emphasis is placed on the regulation of glutamate-1-semialdehyde formation and on the channelling of protoporphyrin IX into the heme and chlorophyll branches. The potential role of chlorophyll molecules that are not bound to photosynthetic pigment-protein complexes ('free chlorophylls') or of other Mg-containing porphyrins in regulation of tetrapyrrole synthesis is also discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||16|
|State||Published - Jun 8 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science
- Cell Biology