Regularity and integrability of 3D Euler and Navier-Stokes equations for rotating fluids

A. Babin, Alex Mahalov, B. Nicolaenko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

99 Scopus citations

Abstract

We consider 3D Euler and Navier-Stokes equations describing dynamics of uniformly rotating fluids. Periodic (as well as zero vertical flux) boundary conditions are imposed, the ratios of domain periods are assumed to be generic (non-resonant). We show that solutions of 3D Euler/Navier-Stokes equations can be decomposed as U(t, x1, x2, x3) = Ũ(t, x1, x2) +V(t, x1, x2, x3) + r, where Ũ is a solution of the 2D Euler/Navier-Stokes system with vertically averaged initial data (axis of rotation is taken along the vertical e3). The vector field V(t, x1, x2, x3) is exactly solved in terms of the phases Ωt, τ1 (t) and τ2(t). The phases τ1(t) and τ2(t) explicitly expressed in terms of vertically averaged vertical voracity curl Ū(t) · e3 and velocity Ū3(t). The remainder r is uniformly estimated from above by a majorant of order a3/Ω, a3 is the vertical aspect ratio (shallowness) and Ω is non-dimensional rotation parameter based on horizontal scales. The resolution of resonances and a non-standard small divisor problem for 3D rotating Euler are the basis for error estimates. Contribution of 3-wave resonances is estimated in terms of the measure of almost resonant aspect ratios. Global solvability of the limit equations and estimates of the error r are used to prove existence on a long time interval T* of regular solutions to 3D Euler equations (T* → +∞, as 1/Ω → 0); and existence on infinite time interval of regular solutions to 3D Navier-Stokes equations with smooth arbitrary initial data in the case of small 1/Ω.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-150
Number of pages48
JournalAsymptotic Analysis
Volume15
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 1 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)

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