Reforming stop-and-frisk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Although stop-and-frisk has a long history as a policing tactic rooted in particularized, reasonable suspicion of criminal activity, several U.S. jurisdictions morphed stop-and-frisk into a broad and sometimes aggressive crimecontrol strategy. The recent experiences in many jurisdictions demonstrate a strong disconnect between constitutionally sanctioned principles and policing practice. Arguably, stop-and-frisk has become the next iteration of a persistent undercurrent in racial injustice in American policing. Although stop-and-frisk has a legitimate place in 21st-century policing, changes must be made to prevent officers from engaging in racially biased or otherwise improper and illegal behavior during stops of citizens. Recommended reforms include better selection of police personnel during recruitment, improved training, clearer administrative policies, enhanced supervision of officers with corresponding accountability mechanisms, and external oversight.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-65
Number of pages21
JournalCriminology, Criminal Justice, Law and Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2017


  • Criminal justice policy reform
  • Policing
  • Race and justice
  • Stop-and-frisk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Reforming stop-and-frisk'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this