Refining the parent-reported inventory of callous-unemotional traits in boys with conduct problems

Samuel W. Hawes, Amy L. Byrd, Craig E. Henderson, Rebecca L. Gazda, Jeffrey D. Burke, Rolf Loeber, Dustin Pardini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Callous- unemotional (CU) traits have been shown to delineate a unique subgroup of children with severe and persistent conduct problems that seem to have unique etiological origins. However, commonly used measures of CU traits in children may not adequately capture the full range of these characteristics in a developmentally appropriate manner. As a result, the 24-item Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU; self-, parent-, and teacher-report versions; Frick, 2004) was recently developed as a more extensive assessment of CU traits. However, studies to date have focused almost exclusively on the self-report version ICU in adolescents and have identified problems with the factor structure of the measure. The current study is the 1st to examine the factor structure of the parent-report version ICU in a sample of 250 boys (ages 6-12 years) exhibiting significant conduct problems. Initial analyses indicated that factor models reported for the parent-report version of the ICU demonstrated a relatively poor fit to the data. Item response theory techniques were used to develop a more psychometrically sound and efficient short form of the ICU consisting of 2 factors (i.e., Callous and Uncaring) using 12 of the original 24 items. The revised version scores demonstrated high internal consistency, good discrimination across the continuum of the CU construct, and adequate short-term test-retest reliability. The revised measure total score also exhibited evidence of convergent and discriminant validity, although the subscales exhibited some differential correlations with theoretically meaningful constructs. Avenues for future measure refinement and use with children are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)256-266
Number of pages11
JournalPsychological Assessment
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Equipment and Supplies
Reproducibility of Results
Self Report
Statistical Factor Analysis

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Callous- unemotional
  • Conduct problems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Refining the parent-reported inventory of callous-unemotional traits in boys with conduct problems. / Hawes, Samuel W.; Byrd, Amy L.; Henderson, Craig E.; Gazda, Rebecca L.; Burke, Jeffrey D.; Loeber, Rolf; Pardini, Dustin.

In: Psychological Assessment, Vol. 26, No. 1, 03.2014, p. 256-266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hawes, Samuel W. ; Byrd, Amy L. ; Henderson, Craig E. ; Gazda, Rebecca L. ; Burke, Jeffrey D. ; Loeber, Rolf ; Pardini, Dustin. / Refining the parent-reported inventory of callous-unemotional traits in boys with conduct problems. In: Psychological Assessment. 2014 ; Vol. 26, No. 1. pp. 256-266.
@article{f12b26db78c24e7aa560c69c1cee1527,
title = "Refining the parent-reported inventory of callous-unemotional traits in boys with conduct problems",
abstract = "Callous- unemotional (CU) traits have been shown to delineate a unique subgroup of children with severe and persistent conduct problems that seem to have unique etiological origins. However, commonly used measures of CU traits in children may not adequately capture the full range of these characteristics in a developmentally appropriate manner. As a result, the 24-item Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU; self-, parent-, and teacher-report versions; Frick, 2004) was recently developed as a more extensive assessment of CU traits. However, studies to date have focused almost exclusively on the self-report version ICU in adolescents and have identified problems with the factor structure of the measure. The current study is the 1st to examine the factor structure of the parent-report version ICU in a sample of 250 boys (ages 6-12 years) exhibiting significant conduct problems. Initial analyses indicated that factor models reported for the parent-report version of the ICU demonstrated a relatively poor fit to the data. Item response theory techniques were used to develop a more psychometrically sound and efficient short form of the ICU consisting of 2 factors (i.e., Callous and Uncaring) using 12 of the original 24 items. The revised version scores demonstrated high internal consistency, good discrimination across the continuum of the CU construct, and adequate short-term test-retest reliability. The revised measure total score also exhibited evidence of convergent and discriminant validity, although the subscales exhibited some differential correlations with theoretically meaningful constructs. Avenues for future measure refinement and use with children are discussed.",
keywords = "Assessment, Callous- unemotional, Conduct problems",
author = "Hawes, {Samuel W.} and Byrd, {Amy L.} and Henderson, {Craig E.} and Gazda, {Rebecca L.} and Burke, {Jeffrey D.} and Rolf Loeber and Dustin Pardini",
year = "2014",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1037/a0034718",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "256--266",
journal = "Psychological Assessment",
issn = "1040-3590",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Refining the parent-reported inventory of callous-unemotional traits in boys with conduct problems

AU - Hawes, Samuel W.

AU - Byrd, Amy L.

AU - Henderson, Craig E.

AU - Gazda, Rebecca L.

AU - Burke, Jeffrey D.

AU - Loeber, Rolf

AU - Pardini, Dustin

PY - 2014/3

Y1 - 2014/3

N2 - Callous- unemotional (CU) traits have been shown to delineate a unique subgroup of children with severe and persistent conduct problems that seem to have unique etiological origins. However, commonly used measures of CU traits in children may not adequately capture the full range of these characteristics in a developmentally appropriate manner. As a result, the 24-item Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU; self-, parent-, and teacher-report versions; Frick, 2004) was recently developed as a more extensive assessment of CU traits. However, studies to date have focused almost exclusively on the self-report version ICU in adolescents and have identified problems with the factor structure of the measure. The current study is the 1st to examine the factor structure of the parent-report version ICU in a sample of 250 boys (ages 6-12 years) exhibiting significant conduct problems. Initial analyses indicated that factor models reported for the parent-report version of the ICU demonstrated a relatively poor fit to the data. Item response theory techniques were used to develop a more psychometrically sound and efficient short form of the ICU consisting of 2 factors (i.e., Callous and Uncaring) using 12 of the original 24 items. The revised version scores demonstrated high internal consistency, good discrimination across the continuum of the CU construct, and adequate short-term test-retest reliability. The revised measure total score also exhibited evidence of convergent and discriminant validity, although the subscales exhibited some differential correlations with theoretically meaningful constructs. Avenues for future measure refinement and use with children are discussed.

AB - Callous- unemotional (CU) traits have been shown to delineate a unique subgroup of children with severe and persistent conduct problems that seem to have unique etiological origins. However, commonly used measures of CU traits in children may not adequately capture the full range of these characteristics in a developmentally appropriate manner. As a result, the 24-item Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU; self-, parent-, and teacher-report versions; Frick, 2004) was recently developed as a more extensive assessment of CU traits. However, studies to date have focused almost exclusively on the self-report version ICU in adolescents and have identified problems with the factor structure of the measure. The current study is the 1st to examine the factor structure of the parent-report version ICU in a sample of 250 boys (ages 6-12 years) exhibiting significant conduct problems. Initial analyses indicated that factor models reported for the parent-report version of the ICU demonstrated a relatively poor fit to the data. Item response theory techniques were used to develop a more psychometrically sound and efficient short form of the ICU consisting of 2 factors (i.e., Callous and Uncaring) using 12 of the original 24 items. The revised version scores demonstrated high internal consistency, good discrimination across the continuum of the CU construct, and adequate short-term test-retest reliability. The revised measure total score also exhibited evidence of convergent and discriminant validity, although the subscales exhibited some differential correlations with theoretically meaningful constructs. Avenues for future measure refinement and use with children are discussed.

KW - Assessment

KW - Callous- unemotional

KW - Conduct problems

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84896732233&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84896732233&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0034718

DO - 10.1037/a0034718

M3 - Article

C2 - 24188153

AN - SCOPUS:84896732233

VL - 26

SP - 256

EP - 266

JO - Psychological Assessment

JF - Psychological Assessment

SN - 1040-3590

IS - 1

ER -