Refining Inquiry with Multi-Form Assessment: Formative and summative assessment functions for flexible inquiry

Steven Zuiker, J. Reid Whitaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper describes the 5E+I/A inquiry model and reports a case study of one curricular enactment by a US fifth-grade classroom. A literature review establishes the model's conceptual adequacy with respect to longstanding research related to both the 5E inquiry model and multiple, incremental innovations of it. As a collective line of research, the review highlights a common emphasis on formative assessment, at times coupled either with differentiated instruction strategies or with activities that target the generalization of learning. The 5E+I/A model contributes a multi-level assessment strategy that balances formative and summative functions of multiple forms of assessment in order to support classroom participation while still attending to individual achievement. The case report documents the enactment of a weeklong 5E+I/A curricular design as a preliminary account of the model's empirical adequacy. A descriptive and analytical narrative illustrates variable ways that multi-level assessment makes student thinking visible and pedagogical decision-making more powerful. In light of both, it also documents productive adaptations to a flexible curricular design and considers future research to advance this collective line of inquiry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1037-1059
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Journal of Science Education
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Case Study
  • Inquiry
  • K-12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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