Redundancy of signal and anchor functions in the NH2-terminal uncharged region of influenza virus neuraminidase, a class II membrane glycoprotein

D. J. Brown, B. G. Hogue, D. P. Nayak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Class II membrane glycoproteins share a common topology of the NH2 terminus inside and the COOH terminus outside the cell. Their transport to the cell surface is initiated by the function of a single hydrophobic domain near the NH2 terminus. This functional domain serves both as an uncleaved signal sequence and as a transmembrane anchor. We examined the signal and anchor functions of influenza virus neuraminidase, a prototype class II membrane glycoprotein, by deletion analysis of its long, uncharged amino-terminal region. The results presented here show that the entire stretch of 29 uncharged amino acids (7 to 35) is not required for either a signal sequence or an anchor sequence function. On the basis of translocation and membrane stability data for different mutants, we suggest that the first 20 amino acid residues (7 to 27) are likely to provide the hydrophobic core for these functions and that within this putative subdomain some sequences are more efficient than the other sequences in providing a translocation function. Finally, it appears that neuraminidase and its mutant proteins are translocated with the proper orientation, regardless of the characteristics of the flanking sequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3824-3831
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of virology
Volume62
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

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