Reducing Effects of Bad Data Using Variance Based Joint Sparsity Recovery

Anne Gelb, Theresa Scarnati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Much research has recently been devoted to jointly sparse (JS) signal recovery from multiple measurement vectors using (Formula presented.) regularization, which is often more effective than performing separate recoveries using standard sparse recovery techniques. However, JS methods are difficult to parallelize due to their inherent coupling. The variance based joint sparsity (VBJS) algorithm was recently introduced in Adcock et al. (SIAM J Sci Comput, submitted). VBJS is based on the observation that the pixel-wise variance across signals convey information about their shared support, motivating the use of a weighted(Formula presented.) JS algorithm, where the weights depend on the information learned from calculated variance. Specifically, the (Formula presented.) minimization should be more heavily penalized in regions where the corresponding variance is small, since it is likely there is no signal there. This paper expands on the original method, notably by introducing weights that ensure accurate, robust, and cost efficient recovery using both (Formula presented.) and (Formula presented.) regularization. Moreover, this paper shows that the VBJS method can be applied in situations where some of the measurement vectors may misrepresent the unknown signals or images of interest, which is illustrated in several numerical examples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-27
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Scientific Computing
StateAccepted/In press - Jun 13 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • False data injections
  • Image reconstruction
  • Joint sparsity
  • Multiple measurement vectors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Engineering(all)
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics

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